Average Weather in Santa Catalina Peru
The climate in Santa Catalina is comfortable and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 42°F to 69°F and is rarely below 38°F or above 73°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Santa Catalina for warm-weather activities is from early July to early October.
The temperature in Santa Catalina varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, United States (3,955 miles away); Ooty, India (10,687 miles); and Natubleng, Philippines (10,980 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Santa Catalina (view comparison).
In Santa Catalina, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Santa Catalina begins around May 1 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around September 30. On August 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 30 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 1. On March 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 12% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Santa Catalina varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.0 months, from October 4 to May 5, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on March 8.
The drier season lasts 5.0 months, from May 5 to October 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on July 25.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 34% on March 8.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Santa Catalina experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from September 11 to June 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 18, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 2 to September 11. The least rain falls around July 28, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Santa Catalina does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 28 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is June 20, with 11 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:45 AM on November 13, and the latest sunrise is 39 minutes later at 6:24 AM on July 17. The earliest sunset is at 6:03 PM on May 22, and the latest sunset is 34 minutes later at 6:36 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Santa Catalina during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Santa Catalina, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Santa Catalina experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from June 9 to September 30, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.3 months, from September 30 to June 9. The calmest day of the year is March 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Santa Catalina varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 6.2 months, from April 7 to October 13, with a peak percentage of 88% on July 31. The wind is most often from the north for 5.8 months, from October 13 to April 7, with a peak percentage of 69% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Santa Catalina throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Santa Catalina for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to early October, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Santa Catalina for hot-weather activities is from late August to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Santa Catalina are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from July 31 to September 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is September 7, with an average of 6.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from January 20 to June 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is March 15, with an average of 5.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santa Catalina are -6.112 deg latitude, -78.061 deg longitude, and 9,278 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santa Catalina contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 3,586 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 9,167 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,120 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (11,906 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santa Catalina is covered by shrubs (41%), trees (26%), and cropland (26%), within 10 miles by trees (47%) and shrubs (31%), and within 50 miles by trees (52%) and shrubs (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Santa Catalina, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Santa Catalina is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Santa Catalina, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.