Average Weather in Jatibonico Cuba
The climate in Jatibonico is hot, muggy, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 63°F to 91°F and is rarely below 55°F or above 96°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Jatibonico, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Jatibonico begins around November 9 and lasts for 6.2 months, ending around May 15. On February 25, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 17% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 15 and lasts for 5.8 months, ending around November 9. On June 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jatibonico varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.7 months, from May 7 to October 29, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on June 2.
The drier season lasts 6.3 months, from October 29 to May 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on December 24.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 38% on June 2.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jatibonico experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 19 to December 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 31, with an average total accumulation of 4.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.3 months, from December 11 to January 19. The least rain falls around December 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Jatibonico varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 48 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:22 AM on November 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 5 minutes later at 7:27 AM on March 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:32 PM on November 27, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 32 minutes later at 8:04 PM on July 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Jatibonico during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Jatibonico experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from April 23 to December 27, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 47% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 9, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 28, with muggy conditions 30% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Jatibonico experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 19 to May 22, with average wind speeds of more than 5.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 22 to October 19. The calmest day of the year is September 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jatibonico is from the east throughout the year.
Jatibonico is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.1 months, from June 14 to October 18, with an average temperature above 84°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 23, with an average temperature of 86°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from December 14 to March 24, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 27, with an average temperature of 77°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from March 13 to May 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 12, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from August 29 to January 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 12, with an average of 4.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jatibonico are 21.943 deg latitude, -79.169 deg longitude, and 246 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Jatibonico contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 200 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 252 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,063 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,713 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Jatibonico is covered by cropland (73%) and artificial surfaces (17%), within 10 miles by cropland (65%) and trees (19%), and within 50 miles by cropland (38%) and water (32%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Jatibonico, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Jatibonico.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Jatibonico according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Jatibonico is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Jatibonico and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.