Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Pacora Panama
In Pacora, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is windy and partly cloudy, and it is hot and oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 73°F to 91°F and is rarely below 69°F or above 94°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Pacora for hot-weather activities is from late December to late March.
Climate in Pacora
Average Temperature in Pacora
The temperature in Pacora varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature in Pacora
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Pacora
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Sungai Petani, Malaysia (11,432 miles away); South Tangerang, Indonesia (11,996 miles); and Makassar, Indonesia (11,137 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Pacora (view comparison).
In Pacora, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Pacora begins around November 29 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around April 14. On January 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 14 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around November 29. On July 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 95% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 5% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Pacora
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Pacora varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.6 months, from April 26 to December 12, with a greater than 24% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 44% on November 10.
The drier season lasts 4.4 months, from December 12 to April 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on February 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 44% on November 10.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Pacora
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pacora experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from March 19 to January 18, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 31, with an average total accumulation of 7.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from January 18 to March 19. The least rain falls around February 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Pacora
The length of the day in Pacora does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 39 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 12 hours, 39 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Pacora
The earliest sunrise is at 5:56 AM on May 27, and the latest sunrise is 42 minutes later at 6:38 AM on January 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:52 PM on November 15, and the latest sunset is 48 minutes later at 6:41 PM on July 12.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Pacora during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Pacora
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Pacora
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Pacora, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 97% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Pacora
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Pacora experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from December 10 to May 1, with average wind speeds of more than 11.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 16.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.3 months, from May 1 to December 10. The calmest day of the year is September 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Pacora
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Pacora varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.7 weeks, from September 24 to October 20, with a peak percentage of 39% on October 7. The wind is most often from the north for 11 months, from October 20 to September 24, with a peak percentage of 95% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Pacora
Pacora is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 5.8 months, from May 11 to November 5, with an average temperature above 82°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is June 10, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.1 months, from February 1 to April 4, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 78°F.
Average Water Temperature in Pacora
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Pacora throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pacora for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to late March, with a peak score in the third week of January.
Tourism Score in Pacora
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pacora for hot-weather activities is from late December to late March, with a peak score in the last week of January.
Beach/Pool Score in Pacora
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Pacora are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Pacora
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Pacora
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from January 23 to April 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 21, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from May 21 to November 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 20, with an average of 2.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Pacora
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pacora are 9.079 deg latitude, -79.290 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Pacora contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 151 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 47 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,720 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (3,668 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Pacora is covered by cropland (35%), grassland (29%), trees (21%), and shrubs (16%), within 10 miles by water (28%) and trees (21%), and within 50 miles by water (63%) and trees (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Pacora, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Tocumen International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Pacora.
At a distance of 10 kilometers from Pacora, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Pacora according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.