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Average Weather in Kirkland Lake Canada

In Kirkland Lake, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -7°F to 75°F and is rarely below -28°F or above 85°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kirkland Lake for warm-weather activities is from early July to mid August.

Climate Summary

frigidfreezingcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec61%61%14%14%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.7 inprecipitation: 2.7 in0.8 in0.8 inmuggy: 11%muggy: 11%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.1tourism score: 6.10.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 19 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 63°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 75°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 2 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 26°F. The coldest day of the year is January 28, with an average low of -7°F and high of 15°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Kirkland LakeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ufa, Russia (4,888 miles away) and Kapsan-ŭp, North Korea (6,039 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kirkland Lake (view comparison).

Clouds

In Kirkland Lake, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kirkland Lake begins around April 17 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around October 26. On August 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 26 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around April 17. On January 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 86% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 14% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Kirkland LakeclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 161%Aug 161%Jan 1214%Jan 1214%Apr 1737%Apr 1737%Oct 2637%Oct 2637%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kirkland Lake varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.5 months, from May 17 to November 2, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on July 3.

The drier season lasts 6.5 months, from November 2 to May 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on February 3.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kirkland Lake changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.0 months, from March 21 to November 18. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 38% on July 3.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.0 months, from November 18 to March 21. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 17% on December 30.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Kirkland LakesnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 338%Jul 338%Feb 315%Feb 315%Mar 2119%Mar 2119%Nov 1825%Nov 1825%Jan 119%Jan 119%May 1727%May 1727%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kirkland Lake experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from March 13 to December 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 6, with an average total accumulation of 2.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from December 5 to March 13. The least rain falls around January 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kirkland Lake experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from October 13 to May 7, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.9 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from May 7 to October 13. The least snow falls around July 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Kirkland LakesnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inDec 250.9 inDec 250.9 inJul 280.0 inJul 280.0 inOct 130.1 inOct 130.1 inMay 70.1 inMay 70.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kirkland Lake varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 21 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 4 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Kirkland LakeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 10 minMar 2012 hr, 10 minMar 2016 hr, 4 minJun 2116 hr, 4 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2212 hr, 11 minSep 228 hr, 21 minDec 218 hr, 21 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:19 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 51 minutes later at 8:10 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:26 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 58 minutes later at 9:24 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Kirkland Lake during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Kirkland LakeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:19 AMJun 165:19 AM9:24 PMJun 259:24 PMJun 25Dec 114:26 PMDec 114:26 PM8:10 AMJan 18:10 AMJan 1Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Kirkland Lake experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from June 4 to September 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 26, with muggy conditions 11% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 1, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Kirkland LakemuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 10%Dec 10%Jul 2611%Jul 2611%Jun 43%Jun 43%Sep 193%Sep 193%drydrycomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggy
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kirkland Lake experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from November 1 to May 8, with average wind speeds of more than 6.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.8 months, from May 8 to November 1. The calmest day of the year is July 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Kirkland LakewindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mphFeb 277.6 mphFeb 277.6 mphJul 304.9 mphJul 304.9 mphNov 16.2 mphNov 16.2 mphMay 86.2 mphMay 86.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kirkland Lake varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 4.2 months, from February 11 to June 17, with a peak percentage of 41% on April 13. The wind is most often from the west for 2.9 months, from June 17 to September 15 and for 2.5 months, from November 26 to February 11, with a peak percentage of 43% on July 21. The wind is most often from the south for 2.4 months, from September 15 to November 26, with a peak percentage of 36% on November 10.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Kirkland LakeWNWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Kirkland Lake is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.2 months, from July 21 to September 27, with an average temperature above 51°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 21, with an average temperature of 56°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.3 months, from December 12 to May 23, with an average temperature below 38°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 9, with an average temperature of 33°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kirkland Lake throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kirkland Lake for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Kirkland Lakebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.16.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kirkland Lake for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Kirkland LakeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468102.92.90.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Kirkland Lake typically lasts for 4.0 months (124 days), from around May 24 to around September 25, rarely starting before May 6 or after June 10, and rarely ending before September 6 or after October 14.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kirkland Lakegrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2450%May 2450%Sep 2550%Sep 2550%Jun 1090%Jun 1090%Sep 690%Sep 690%May 610%May 610%Oct 1410%Oct 1410%0%Dec 50%Dec 5Jul 26100%Jul 26100%frigidfreezingcoldcoolcomfortablevery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kirkland Lake should appear around May 15, only rarely appearing before May 5 or after May 28.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Kirkland LakeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°F1,400°F1,600°F1,800°FMay 1590°FMay 1590°FJul 25900°FJul 25900°FDec 311,627°FDec 311,627°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 29 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 28, with an average of 6.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 25 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 18, with an average of 0.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Kirkland LakebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 286.4 kWhJun 286.4 kWhDec 180.9 kWhDec 180.9 kWhApr 295.3 kWhApr 295.3 kWhAug 195.3 kWhAug 195.3 kWhOct 252.0 kWhOct 252.0 kWhFeb 132.0 kWhFeb 132.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kirkland Lake are 48.145 deg latitude, -80.038 deg longitude, and 1,076 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kirkland Lake contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,067 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (607 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,335 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kirkland Lake is covered by trees (65%) and herbaceous vegetation (11%), within 10 miles by trees (90%), and within 50 miles by trees (83%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kirkland Lake, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kirkland Lake.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kirkland Lake according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Kirkland Lake is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kirkland Lake and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Kirkland Lake Airport (100%, 2.9 kilometers, east) and Timmins/Victor M. Power Airport (0.4%, 110 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.