Average Weather in Charlotte North Carolina, United States
In Charlotte, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 89°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 21°F or above 96°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 25 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 89°F and low of 71°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 28 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 59°F. The coldest day of the year is January 17, with an average low of 33°F and high of 51°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Charlotte varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:08 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 40 minutes later at 7:47 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:10 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 31 minutes later at 8:42 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Charlotte during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Charlotte, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Charlotte begins around August 1 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around November 23. On October 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 23 and lasts for 8.3 months, ending around August 1. On January 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Charlotte varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.5 months, from May 14 to August 30, with a greater than 32% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 44% on July 11.
The drier season lasts 8.5 months, from August 30 to May 14. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on October 30.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 44% on July 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Charlotte experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Charlotte. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 14, with an average total accumulation of 3.5 inches.
The least rain falls around October 31, with and average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Charlotte experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from December 10 to March 5, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from March 5 to December 10. The least snow falls around July 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Charlotte experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 23 to September 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 21% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 80% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 3, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Charlotte experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 31 to May 18, with average wind speeds of more than 3.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 18 to October 31. The calmest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Charlotte varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.5 months, from February 2 to March 17 and for 3.5 months, from September 10 to December 27, with a peak percentage of 36% on October 15. The wind is most often from the south for 1.2 months, from March 17 to April 22, with a peak percentage of 32% on April 18. The wind is most often from the west for 3.7 months, from April 22 to August 12 and for 1.1 months, from December 27 to February 2, with a peak percentage of 36% on July 4.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from April 15 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 9 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 2.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Charlotte are 35.227 deg latitude, -80.843 deg longitude, and 702 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Charlotte contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 699 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (607 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (1,985 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Charlotte is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (81%) and trees (15%), and within 50 miles by trees (53%) and cropland (32%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Charlotte, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Charlotte.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Charlotte according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Charlotte is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Charlotte and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Charlotte Douglas International Airport (75%, 10 kilometers, west), Charlotte–Monroe Executive Airport (14%, 31 kilometers, southeast), and Concord Regional Airport (11%, 36 kilometers, northeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .