Average Weather in Rainbow California, United States
In Rainbow, the summers are hot, arid, and mostly clear and the winters are long, cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 40°F to 87°F and is rarely below 33°F or above 94°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Rainbow for warm-weather activities is from early June to late September.
The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 26 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is August 23, with an average high of 87°F and low of 62°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.2 months, from November 24 to March 30, with an average daily high temperature below 69°F. The coldest day of the year is December 25, with an average low of 40°F and high of 65°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Rainbow, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Rainbow begins around April 27 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around November 4. On September 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 90% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 10% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 4 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around April 27. On February 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Rainbow varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.6 months, from November 19 to April 7, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 21% on February 21.
The drier season lasts 7.4 months, from April 7 to November 19. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on June 25.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 21% on February 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Rainbow experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 18 to April 25, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 20, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 25 to October 18. The least rain falls around June 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Rainbow varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:38 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 31 minutes later at 7:09 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 22 minutes later at 8:02 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Rainbow during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The perceived humidity level in Rainbow, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Rainbow experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from November 13 to June 16, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from June 16 to November 13. The calmest day of the year is September 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Rainbow varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 9.7 months, from February 2 to November 22, with a peak percentage of 78% on June 2. The wind is most often from the east for 2.3 months, from November 22 to February 2, with a peak percentage of 44% on January 1.
Rainbow is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from July 8 to October 6, with an average temperature above 68°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 23, with an average temperature of 70°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 8 to April 21, with an average temperature below 61°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 3, with an average temperature of 59°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Rainbow throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Rainbow for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to late September, with a peak score in the third week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Rainbow for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid September, with a peak score in the third week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Rainbow typically lasts for 11 months (340 days), from around January 17 to around December 23, rarely starting after February 27, or ending before November 26.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Rainbow should appear around January 19, only rarely appearing before January 13 or after January 27.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 25 to August 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 8.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 6 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 3.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rainbow are 33.410 deg latitude, -117.148 deg longitude, and 1,188 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rainbow contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,509 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,257 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,573 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,771 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rainbow is covered by shrubs (98%), within 10 miles by shrubs (70%) and grassland (11%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (51%) and water (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rainbow, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rainbow.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rainbow according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rainbow is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rainbow and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Oceanside, Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Air Station (36%, 22 kilometers, southwest); Ramona Airport (29%, 47 kilometers, southeast); March Air Reserve Base (22%, 55 kilometers, north); and Palm Springs International Airport (13%, 75 kilometers, northeast).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .