Average Weather in Elgin South Carolina, United States
In Elgin, the summers are hot and muggy, the winters are short and cold, and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 91°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 97°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Elgin for warm-weather activities are from late April to early June and from late August to mid October.
The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 23 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 91°F and low of 72°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 29 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 62°F. The coldest day of the year is January 17, with an average low of 36°F and high of 55°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Elgin, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Elgin begins around August 9 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around November 26. On October 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 26 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around August 9. On February 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Elgin varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from May 27 to August 29, with a greater than 33% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 48% on July 27.
The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from August 29 to May 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 18% on October 27.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 48% on July 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Elgin experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Elgin. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 3.9 inches.
The least rain falls around November 5, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Elgin does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Elgin varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:10 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 37 minutes later at 7:47 AM on November 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:13 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 26 minutes later at 8:38 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Elgin during 2021, starting in the spring on March 14, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 7.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
Elgin experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from May 15 to October 7, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 23% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 90% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 5, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Elgin experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from November 6 to May 18, with average wind speeds of more than 6.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.6 months, from May 18 to November 6. The calmest day of the year is August 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Elgin varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 weeks, from March 30 to April 22 and for 3.4 months, from May 9 to August 20, with a peak percentage of 37% on July 14. The wind is most often from the west for 2.4 weeks, from April 22 to May 9 and for 3.7 months, from December 8 to March 30, with a peak percentage of 33% on May 1. The wind is most often from the north for 2.3 months, from September 29 to December 8, with a peak percentage of 34% on October 15.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Elgin throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Elgin for general outdoor tourist activities are from late April to early June and from late August to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Elgin for hot-weather activities is from early June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Elgin typically lasts for 8.0 months (243 days), from around March 17 to around November 15, rarely starting before February 24 or after April 6, and rarely ending before October 27 or after December 6.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Elgin should appear around February 4, only rarely appearing before January 20 or after February 22.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from April 10 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 6, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 12 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Elgin are 34.171 deg latitude, -80.794 deg longitude, and 397 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Elgin contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 217 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 310 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (407 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (748 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Elgin is covered by artificial surfaces (74%) and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by trees (54%) and artificial surfaces (33%), and within 50 miles by trees (56%) and cropland (25%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Elgin, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Elgin.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Elgin according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Elgin is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Elgin and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: McEntire Air National Guard Weather Facility Base (27%, 23 kilometers, south); Woodward Field (25%, 24 kilometers, northeast); Columbia Owens Downtown Airport (19%, 29 kilometers, southwest); Fairfield County Airport (16%, 33 kilometers, northwest); and Shaw Air Force Base (13%, 38 kilometers, southeast).
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .