Average Weather in Palm Bay Florida, United States
In Palm Bay, the summers are long, hot, oppressive, wet, and mostly cloudy and the winters are short, cool, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 54°F to 89°F and is rarely below 39°F or above 93°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Palm Bay for warm-weather activities are from late February to mid May and from late October to mid December.
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 28 to September 29, with an average daily high temperature above 86°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 89°F and low of 75°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from December 6 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 75°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 54°F and high of 71°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Palm Bay, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Palm Bay begins around October 3 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around June 5. On May 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 5 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around October 3. On July 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 69% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 31% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Palm Bay varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.4 months, from May 27 to October 9, with a greater than 38% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 59% on August 24.
The drier season lasts 7.6 months, from October 9 to May 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on November 21.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 59% on August 24.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Palm Bay experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Palm Bay. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 22, with an average total accumulation of 5.9 inches.
The least rain falls around December 23, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Palm Bay varies over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 22 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 55 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:25 AM on June 10, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 12 minutes later at 7:37 AM on March 10. The earliest sunset is at 5:26 PM on December 1, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 57 minutes later at 8:22 PM on July 1.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Palm Bay during 2019, starting in the spring on March 10, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 3.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Palm Bay experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from April 15 to November 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 36% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 4, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 14% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Palm Bay experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from September 27 to May 27, with average wind speeds of more than 9.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.0 months, from May 27 to September 27. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Palm Bay varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 4.1 months, from February 21 to June 25 and for 4.5 months, from August 10 to December 24, with a peak percentage of 53% on September 24. The wind is most often from the south for 1.5 months, from June 25 to August 10, with a peak percentage of 43% on July 20. The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 months, from December 24 to February 21, with a peak percentage of 30% on January 1.
Palm Bay is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.1 months, from June 14 to October 17, with an average temperature above 81°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 31, with an average temperature of 83°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.4 months, from December 26 to April 7, with an average temperature below 73°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 6, with an average temperature of 71°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Palm Bay throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Palm Bay for general outdoor tourist activities are from late February to mid May and from late October to mid December, with a peak score in the third week of April.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Palm Bay for hot-weather activities are from late April to early June and for the entire month of October, with a peak score in the second week of May.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Palm Bay over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 16, with a 65% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Palm Bay should appear around January 8, only rarely appearing before January 6 or after January 13.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from April 3 to June 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 2, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from November 8 to January 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Palm Bay are 28.034 deg latitude, -80.589 deg longitude, and 13 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Palm Bay is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 30 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 10 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (33 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (135 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Palm Bay is covered by artificial surfaces (67%) and water (33%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (42%) and water (41%), and within 50 miles by water (48%) and herbaceous vegetation (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Palm Bay, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Palm Bay.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Palm Bay according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Palm Bay is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Palm Bay and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.