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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in El Coclá Panama

In El Coclá, the wet season is warm and overcast, the dry season is hot and partly cloudy, and it is oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 70°F to 91°F and is rarely below 68°F or above 94°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit El Coclá for hot-weather activities is from mid December to late March.

Climate in El Coclá

hotwarmJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow54%54%5%5%overcastclearprecipitation: 7.9 inprecipitation: 7.9 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%91%91%beach/pool score: 6.8beach/pool score: 6.84.44.4
El Coclá weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature in El Coclá

The hot season lasts for 2.0 months, from February 28 to April 26, with an average daily high temperature above 90°F. The hottest day of the year is April 2, with an average high of 91°F and low of 72°F.

The cool season lasts for 6.4 months, from June 10 to December 22, with an average daily high temperature below 85°F. The coldest day of the year is January 20, with an average low of 70°F and high of 86°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in El Coclá

Average High and Low Temperature in El CocláhotcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 2086°FJan 2086°FApr 291°FApr 291°F70°F70°F72°F72°FFeb 2890°FFeb 2890°FJun 1085°FJun 1085°FDec 2285°FDec 2285°F71°F71°F73°F73°F71°F71°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in El Coclá

Average Hourly Temperature in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcomfortablecomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Tignapalan, Philippines (10,352 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to El Coclá (view comparison).

Compare El Coclá to another city:

Clouds

In El Coclá, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in El Coclá begins around November 25 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around April 14. On January 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around April 14 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around November 25. On July 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 95% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 5% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in El Coclá

Cloud Cover Categories in El CocláclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jan 354%Jan 354%Jul 295%Jul 295%Nov 2529%Nov 2529%Apr 1430%Apr 1430%NowNowclearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in El Coclá varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.3 months, from April 28 to December 7, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 50% on October 24.

The drier season lasts 4.7 months, from December 7 to April 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on February 9.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 50% on October 24.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in El Coclá

Daily Chance of Precipitation in El CocláwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Oct 2450%Oct 2450%Feb 94%Feb 94%Jan 111%Jan 111%Apr 2827%Apr 2827%Dec 727%Dec 727%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. El Coclá experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from March 14 to January 19, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 20, with an average total accumulation of 7.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from January 19 to March 14. The least rain falls around February 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in El Coclá

Average Monthly Rainfall in El CoclárainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 in12 in12 in14 in14 inOct 207.9 inOct 207.9 inFeb 120.3 inFeb 120.3 inJun 47.2 inJun 47.2 inJul 126.6 inJul 126.6 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in El Coclá does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 36 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 38 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 12 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in El Coclá

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 37 minJun 2012 hr, 37 minJun 2012 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2211 hr, 38 minDec 2111 hr, 38 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:04 AM on May 26, and the latest sunrise is 40 minutes later at 6:44 AM on January 29. The earliest sunset is at 6:00 PM on November 13, and the latest sunset is 46 minutes later at 6:46 PM on July 13.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in El Coclá during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in El Coclá

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMMay 266:04 AMMay 266:04 AM6:46 PMJul 136:46 PMJul 13Nov 136:00 PMNov 136:00 PM6:44 AMJan 296:44 AMJan 29daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in El Coclá

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in El Coclá, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 4% of 96% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in El Coclá

Humidity Comfort Levels in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 391%Mar 391%100%Aug 31100%Aug 31NowNowmiserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in El Coclá experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from December 23 to April 24, with average wind speeds of more than 6.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.0 months, from April 24 to December 23. The calmest day of the year is June 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in El Coclá

Average Wind Speed in El CocláwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mphFeb 278.3 mphFeb 278.3 mphJun 133.7 mphJun 133.7 mphDec 236.0 mphDec 236.0 mphApr 246.0 mphApr 246.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in El Coclá varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 2.3 months, from August 30 to November 10, with a peak percentage of 57% on October 13. The wind is most often from the north for 9.6 months, from November 10 to August 30, with a peak percentage of 96% on January 1.

Wind Direction in El Coclá

Wind Direction in El CocláNWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

El Coclá is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 2°F of 82°F throughout.

Average Water Temperature in El Coclá

Average Water Temperature in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec78°F78°F79°F79°F80°F80°F81°F81°F82°F82°F83°F83°F84°F84°F85°F85°FJun 884°FJun 884°F80°FFeb 2880°FFeb 28Oct 1983°FOct 1983°FJan 2981°FJan 2981°FApr 181°FApr 181°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in El Coclá throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit El Coclá for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to late February, with a peak score in the second week of January.

Tourism Score in El Coclá

Tourism Score in El Coclábest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.65.63.33.3NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit El Coclá for hot-weather activities is from mid December to late March, with a peak score in the second week of January.

Beach/Pool Score in El Coclá

Beach/Pool Score in El Coclábest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.86.84.44.44.64.6NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in El Coclá are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in El Coclá

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3NowNowcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days in El Coclá

Growing Degree Days in El CocláJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°FJan 390°FJan 390°FMar 71,800°FMar 71,800°FDec 319,965°FDec 319,965°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from January 20 to April 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 20, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from May 20 to November 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 25, with an average of 3.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in El Coclá

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in El CoclábrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhMar 206.7 kWhMar 206.7 kWhJul 253.2 kWhJul 253.2 kWhJan 206.0 kWhJan 206.0 kWhMay 203.9 kWhMay 203.9 kWhNov 53.9 kWhNov 53.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of El Coclá are 8.321 deg latitude, -80.921 deg longitude, and 820 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of El Coclá contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 981 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 802 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,959 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,378 feet).

The area within 2 miles of El Coclá is covered by grassland (53%) and trees (39%), within 10 miles by grassland (58%) and trees (31%), and within 50 miles by trees (31%) and grassland (30%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in El Coclá, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Albrook "Marcos A. Gelabert" International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of El Coclá.

At a distance of 171 kilometers from El Coclá, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from El Coclá to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 30%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 70%.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.