Average Weather in Tijuana Mexico
In Tijuana, the temperature typically varies from 48°F to 79°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 41°F or above 87°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from July 9 to October 3, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is August 26, with an average high of 79°F and low of 65°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.4 months, from November 29 to April 12, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is December 27, with an average low of 48°F and high of 66°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Tijuana varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 1 minute of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:40 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 28 minutes later at 7:08 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:42 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 17 minutes later at 7:59 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Tijuana during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Tijuana, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Tijuana begins around May 20 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around November 2. On September 10, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 90% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 10% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 2 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around May 20. On February 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Tijuana varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.5 months, from November 21 to April 7, with a greater than 10% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 19% on February 21.
The drier season lasts 7.5 months, from April 7 to November 21. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on June 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 19% on February 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Tijuana experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from October 28 to April 17, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 22, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from April 17 to October 28. The least rain falls around June 20, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Tijuana experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from July 1 to October 4, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 24, with muggy conditions 22% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Tijuana experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from November 12 to May 26, with average wind speeds of more than 3.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from May 26 to November 12. The calmest day of the year is September 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Tijuana varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 9.8 months, from January 31 to November 23, with a peak percentage of 75% on May 23. The wind is most often from the east for 2.3 months, from November 23 to January 31, with a peak percentage of 43% on January 5.
Tijuana is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 14 to October 9, with an average temperature above 67°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 26, with an average temperature of 69°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 10 to April 22, with an average temperature below 61°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 8, with an average temperature of 59°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from April 25 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 5 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tijuana are 32.503 deg latitude, -117.004 deg longitude, and 459 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Tijuana contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,014 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 388 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (2,694 feet). Within 50 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (6,483 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Tijuana is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (46%) and grassland (23%), and within 50 miles by water (45%) and shrubs (37%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Tijuana, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Tijuana.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Tijuana according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Tijuana is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Tijuana and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: General Abelardo L. Rodríguez International Airport (86%, 5.3 kilometers, northeast) and Ream Field (14%, 13 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .