Average Weather in San Diego California, United States
In San Diego, the summers are short, warm, arid, and clear and the winters are long, cool, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 50°F to 77°F and is rarely below 44°F or above 84°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from July 10 to October 4, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is August 26, with an average high of 77°F and low of 68°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.1 months, from November 28 to April 2, with an average daily high temperature below 67°F. The coldest day of the year is December 28, with an average low of 50°F and high of 65°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In San Diego, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in San Diego begins around May 6 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around November 3. On September 10, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 9% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 3 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around May 6. On February 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 43% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 57% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in San Diego varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.6 months, from November 20 to April 7, with a greater than 10% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 20% on February 21.
The drier season lasts 7.4 months, from April 7 to November 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on June 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 20% on February 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. San Diego experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from October 25 to April 21, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 20, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from April 21 to October 25. The least rain falls around June 22, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in San Diego varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 60 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:40 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 29 minutes later at 7:09 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:42 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 18 minutes later at 8:00 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in San Diego during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
San Diego experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from July 5 to October 3, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 27, with muggy conditions 23% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is March 8, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Diego experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from November 12 to June 6, with average wind speeds of more than 3.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.2 months, from June 6 to November 12. The calmest day of the year is August 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in San Diego varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 10 months, from January 25 to December 1, with a peak percentage of 81% on May 23. The wind is most often from the east for 1.8 months, from December 1 to January 25, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
San Diego is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from July 12 to October 8, with an average temperature above 68°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 24, with an average temperature of 70°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 9 to April 21, with an average temperature below 61°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 6, with an average temperature of 59°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 24 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 5 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Diego are 32.715 deg latitude, -117.157 deg longitude, and 33 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Diego contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 305 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 93 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,552 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,483 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Diego is covered by artificial surfaces (72%) and water (21%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (56%) and water (37%), and within 50 miles by water (48%) and shrubs (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Diego, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in San Diego.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and San Diego according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at San Diego is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between San Diego and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: San Diego International Airport (58%, 3.2 kilometers, northwest); Naval Air Station North Island (37%, 4.4 kilometers, southwest); and Ream Field (4.9%, 17 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.