Average Weather in Pendleton Oregon, United States
In Pendleton, the summers are short, hot, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are very cold, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 29°F to 91°F and is rarely below 16°F or above 99°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Pendleton for warm-weather activities is from early July to late August.
The hot season lasts for 2.7 months, from June 19 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 91°F and low of 61°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 15 to February 22, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is December 29, with an average low of 29°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Pendleton, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Pendleton begins around June 13 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around October 7. On July 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 17% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 7 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around June 13. On January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 65% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 35% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Pendleton varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.5 months, from October 22 to June 7, with a greater than 18% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on November 28.
The drier season lasts 4.5 months, from June 7 to October 22. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on August 2.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 27% on November 28.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pendleton experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from September 16 to July 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 21, with an average total accumulation of 1.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from July 2 to September 16. The least rain falls around July 28, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pendleton experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 22 to February 16, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from February 16 to November 22. The least snow falls around July 15, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Pendleton varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 41 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:05 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 33 minutes later at 7:38 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:10 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 38 minutes later at 8:48 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Pendleton during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The perceived humidity level in Pendleton, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Pendleton experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from October 30 to April 12, with average wind speeds of more than 8.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.6 months, from April 12 to October 30. The calmest day of the year is September 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Pendleton varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 7.2 months, from March 12 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 67% on June 21. The wind is most often from the south for 4.8 months, from October 19 to March 12, with a peak percentage of 62% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Pendleton throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pendleton for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pendleton for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Pendleton typically lasts for 6.6 months (203 days), from around April 7 to around October 28, rarely starting before March 9 or after April 30, and rarely ending before October 8 or after November 17.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Pendleton should appear around April 5, only rarely appearing before March 21 or after April 20.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from May 19 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 13, with an average of 7.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 27 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 1.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pendleton are 45.672 deg latitude, -118.789 deg longitude, and 1,293 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Pendleton contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 489 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,248 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,142 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,562 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Pendleton is covered by shrubs (51%), cropland (18%), grassland (17%), and artificial surfaces (13%), within 10 miles by cropland (45%) and shrubs (32%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (46%) and cropland (27%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Pendleton, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Pendleton.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Pendleton according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Pendleton is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Pendleton and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Eastern Oregon Regional Airport (92%, 5.9 kilometers, northwest); Meacham, Meacham (3.0%, 34 kilometers, southeast); and Walla Walla Regional Airport (4.6%, 61 kilometers, northeast).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .