Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Jacksonville Florida, United States
In Jacksonville, the summers are long, hot, oppressive, and mostly cloudy; the winters are short, cool, and partly cloudy; and it is wet year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 46°F to 90°F and is rarely below 32°F or above 95°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Jacksonville for warm-weather activities are from late March to late May and from early October to mid November.
Climate in Jacksonville
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 21 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest month of the year in Jacksonville is July, with an average high of 90°F and low of 74°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from December 1 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 70°F. The coldest month of the year in Jacksonville is January, with an average low of 46°F and high of 65°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Jacksonville
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Jacksonville
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Kafr ad Dawwār, Egypt (6,277 miles away); Al Mindak, Saudi Arabia (7,294 miles); and Longmen, China (8,408 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Jacksonville (view comparison).
In Jacksonville, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Jacksonville begins around September 21 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around June 6.
The clearest month of the year in Jacksonville is April, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 6 and lasts for 3.5 months, ending around September 21.
The cloudiest month of the year in Jacksonville is July, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 61% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Jacksonville
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jacksonville varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.8 months, from June 2 to September 27, with a greater than 38% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Jacksonville is July, with an average of 17.6 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 8.2 months, from September 27 to June 2. The month with the fewest wet days in Jacksonville is November, with an average of 5.3 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Jacksonville is July, with an average of 17.6 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 59% on July 31.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Jacksonville
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jacksonville experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Jacksonville. The month with the most rain in Jacksonville is September, with an average rainfall of 5.0 inches.
The month with the least rain in Jacksonville is November, with an average rainfall of 1.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Jacksonville
The length of the day in Jacksonville varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2023, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 11 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Jacksonville
The earliest sunrise is at 6:24 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 19 minutes later at 7:43 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:25 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 7 minutes later at 8:32 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Jacksonville during 2023, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Jacksonville
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Jacksonville
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Jacksonville
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Jacksonville experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from May 1 to November 4, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 26% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Jacksonville is August, with 30.6 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in Jacksonville is February, with 0.6 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Jacksonville
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Jacksonville experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.5 months, from September 14 to May 31, with average wind speeds of more than 6.6 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Jacksonville is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 31 to September 14. The calmest month of the year in Jacksonville is July, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Jacksonville
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jacksonville varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 2.5 months, from March 29 to June 14 and for 2.1 months, from August 15 to October 18, with a peak percentage of 49% on September 8. The wind is most often from the south for 2.0 months, from June 14 to August 15, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 19. The wind is most often from the north for 3.4 months, from October 18 to February 2, with a peak percentage of 34% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Jacksonville
Jacksonville is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.1 months, from June 8 to October 10, with an average temperature above 79°F. The month of the year in Jacksonville with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 83°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from December 16 to April 10, with an average temperature below 68°F. The month of the year in Jacksonville with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 64°F.
Average Water Temperature in Jacksonville
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Jacksonville throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Jacksonville for general outdoor tourist activities are from late March to late May and from early October to mid November, with a peak score in the last week of April.
Tourism Score in Jacksonville
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Jacksonville for hot-weather activities are from early May to late June and from late August to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of May.
Beach/Pool Score in Jacksonville
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Jacksonville typically lasts for 11 months (319 days), from around February 9 to around December 25, rarely starting after March 5, or ending before December 3.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Jacksonville
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Jacksonville should appear around January 13, only rarely appearing before January 8 or after January 23.
Growing Degree Days in Jacksonville
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from April 4 to June 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Jacksonville is May, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 10 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.8 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Jacksonville is December, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Jacksonville
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jacksonville are 30.332 deg latitude, -81.656 deg longitude, and 10 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Jacksonville is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 39 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 11 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (92 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (285 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Jacksonville is covered by artificial surfaces (89%) and water (10%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (67%) and herbaceous vegetation (13%), and within 50 miles by water (32%) and trees (32%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Jacksonville, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Jacksonville.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Jacksonville according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Jacksonville is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Jacksonville and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Jacksonville and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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