Average Weather in Sanford Florida, United States
In Sanford, the temperature typically varies from 50°F to 91°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 36°F or above 95°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.2 months, from May 18 to September 25, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is July 22, with an average high of 91°F and low of 75°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.8 months, from December 4 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 74°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 50°F and high of 70°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Sanford varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 18 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 59 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:26 AM on June 10, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 14 minutes later at 7:39 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:27 PM on November 30, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 0 minutes later at 8:27 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Sanford during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Sanford, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sanford begins around September 28 and lasts for 8.3 months, ending around June 7. On May 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 7 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around September 28. On July 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 66% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 34% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sanford varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.0 months, from May 29 to September 30, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 66% on August 10.
The drier season lasts 8.0 months, from September 30 to May 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on November 21.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 66% on August 10.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Sanford experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Sanford. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 26, with an average total accumulation of 5.8 inches.
The least rain falls around November 11, with and average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Sanford experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 29 to November 7, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 29% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 7, with muggy conditions 99% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 5% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sanford experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from September 28 to June 4, with average wind speeds of more than 3.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.8 months, from June 4 to September 28. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sanford varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 3.6 months, from March 12 to June 29 and for 2.5 months, from August 8 to October 24, with a peak percentage of 50% on September 24. The wind is most often from the south for 1.3 months, from June 29 to August 8, with a peak percentage of 36% on July 19. The wind is most often from the north for 3.7 months, from October 24 to February 16, with a peak percentage of 40% on November 9.
Sanford is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.1 months, from June 10 to October 14, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 30, with an average temperature of 82°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 19 to April 11, with an average temperature below 71°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 25, with an average temperature of 68°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from April 3 to June 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 2, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from November 9 to February 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sanford are 28.801 deg latitude, -81.273 deg longitude, and 26 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sanford is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 52 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 25 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (98 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (305 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sanford is covered by artificial surfaces (82%) and water (15%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (50%) and herbaceous vegetation (30%), and within 50 miles by herbaceous vegetation (28%) and water (24%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sanford, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sanford.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sanford according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sanford is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sanford and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Orlando Sanford International Airport (96%, 3.6 kilometers, southeast), Daytona Beach International Airport (2.1%, 48 kilometers, northeast), and Leesburg International Airport (1.8%, 52 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .