Average Weather in Marathon Florida, United States
In Marathon, the temperature typically varies from 65°F to 90°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 55°F or above 93°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 28 to September 30, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 7, with an average high of 90°F and low of 81°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from December 6 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 78°F. The coldest day of the year is January 17, with an average low of 65°F and high of 75°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Marathon varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:34 AM on November 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 2 minutes later at 7:36 AM on March 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:34 PM on November 29, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 43 minutes later at 8:17 PM on July 2.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Marathon during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Marathon, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Marathon begins around October 20 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 23. On March 6, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 73% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 27% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 23 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 20. On June 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 70% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 30% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Marathon varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from May 23 to October 14, with a greater than 39% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 63% on September 16.
The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from October 14 to May 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on January 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 63% on September 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Marathon experiences very significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Marathon. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 9, with an average total accumulation of 6.0 inches.
The least rain falls around January 1, with and average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Marathon experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.4 months, from March 30 to December 11, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 56% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 8, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 41% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Marathon experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 7 to May 5, with average wind speeds of more than 6.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 5 to October 7. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Marathon is from the east throughout the year.
Marathon is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.8 months, from June 13 to October 7, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 12, with an average temperature of 86°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.4 months, from December 17 to March 29, with an average temperature below 76°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 2, with an average temperature of 74°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from March 21 to May 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 1, with an average of 6.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 6 to January 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Marathon are 24.714 deg latitude, -81.090 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Marathon is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 3 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 1 foot. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (3 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (16 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Marathon is covered by water (67%) and mangroves (14%), within 10 miles by water (97%), and within 50 miles by water (91%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Marathon, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Marathon.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Marathon according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Marathon is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Marathon and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .