Average Weather in Varadero Cuba
In Varadero, the temperature typically varies from 65°F to 89°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 57°F or above 91°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from June 8 to September 30, with an average daily high temperature above 86°F. The hottest day of the year is August 9, with an average high of 89°F and low of 76°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 3 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 80°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 65°F and high of 78°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Varadero varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 43 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 34 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:32 AM on November 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 4 minutes later at 7:36 AM on March 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:38 PM on November 27, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 37 minutes later at 8:14 PM on July 2.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Varadero during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Varadero, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Varadero begins around October 28 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around May 19. On February 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 79% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 19 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around October 28. On June 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Varadero varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.3 months, from May 14 to October 22, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 36% on September 20.
The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from October 22 to May 14. The smallest chance of a wet day is 9% on December 24.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 36% on September 20.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Varadero experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Varadero. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 6, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The least rain falls around January 3, with and average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Varadero experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from March 28 to December 21, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 61% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 2, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 47% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Varadero experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 14 to May 18, with average wind speeds of more than 6.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 18 to October 14. The calmest day of the year is September 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Varadero is from the east throughout the year.
Varadero is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.5 months, from June 28 to October 13, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 15, with an average temperature of 85°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 21 to April 13, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 6, with an average temperature of 77°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from March 18 to May 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 28, with an average of 6.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from October 25 to January 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 4.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Varadero are 23.157 deg latitude, -81.244 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Varadero is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 52 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 3 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (427 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (1,283 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Varadero is covered by water (98%), within 10 miles by water (77%), and within 50 miles by water (55%) and cropland (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Varadero, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Varadero.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Varadero according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Varadero is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Varadero and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Juan Gualberto Gómez International Airport (90%, 24 kilometers, southwest), Key West International Airport (5%, 164 kilometers, north), and Florida Keys Marathon International Airport (4.7%, 176 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .