Average Weather in Gainesville Florida, United States
In Gainesville, the temperature typically varies from 44°F to 90°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 30°F or above 94°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.5 months, from May 10 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 18, with an average high of 90°F and low of 72°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.8 months, from December 3 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is January 14, with an average low of 44°F and high of 66°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Gainesville varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 3 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:28 AM on June 10, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 17 minutes later at 7:45 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:29 PM on December 1, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 4 minutes later at 8:33 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Gainesville during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Gainesville, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Gainesville begins around September 22 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around June 7. On October 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 7 and lasts for 3.5 months, ending around September 22. On July 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 36% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Gainesville varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.6 months, from June 2 to September 19, with a greater than 44% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 69% on July 27.
The drier season lasts 8.4 months, from September 19 to June 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on November 22.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 69% on July 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Gainesville experiences very significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Gainesville. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 29, with an average total accumulation of 6.0 inches.
The least rain falls around November 10, with and average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Gainesville experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from May 4 to October 30, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 27% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 6, with muggy conditions 99% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 24, with muggy conditions 3% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gainesville experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from October 1 to May 26, with average wind speeds of more than 2.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 26 to October 1. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Gainesville varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.5 months, from February 15 to April 29 and for 2.5 months, from June 1 to August 16, with a peak percentage of 43% on July 16. The wind is most often from the east for 1.1 months, from April 29 to June 1 and for 2.1 months, from August 16 to October 18, with a peak percentage of 48% on September 11. The wind is most often from the north for 3.9 months, from October 18 to February 15, with a peak percentage of 41% on November 7.
Gainesville is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.1 months, from May 31 to October 2, with an average temperature above 81°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is July 24, with an average temperature of 86°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from December 14 to March 23, with an average temperature below 67°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 4, with an average temperature of 62°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from April 3 to June 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 1, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from November 11 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gainesville are 29.652 deg latitude, -82.325 deg longitude, and 128 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Gainesville contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 128 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 142 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (148 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (285 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gainesville is covered by artificial surfaces (78%) and trees (15%), within 10 miles by herbaceous vegetation (39%) and trees (36%), and within 50 miles by trees (45%) and cropland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gainesville, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gainesville.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gainesville according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Gainesville is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gainesville and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gainesville Regional Airport (94%, 7 kilometers, northeast), Ocala International Airport (3.9%, 55 kilometers, south), and Cross City Airport (2.4%, 76 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .