Average Weather in Madison Florida, United States
In Madison, the summers are long, hot, and oppressive; the winters are short and cold; and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 42°F to 90°F and is rarely below 27°F or above 96°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Madison for warm-weather activities are from early April to late May and from late September to early November.
The hot season lasts for 4.5 months, from May 11 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 16, with an average high of 90°F and low of 72°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.8 months, from December 2 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 69°F. The coldest day of the year is January 14, with an average low of 42°F and high of 64°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Madison, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Madison begins around September 17 and lasts for 8.6 months, ending around June 6. On October 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 6 and lasts for 3.4 months, ending around September 17. On July 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Madison varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.4 months, from May 31 to September 10, with a greater than 40% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 63% on July 29.
The drier season lasts 8.6 months, from September 10 to May 31. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on October 28.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 63% on July 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Madison experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Madison. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 23, with an average total accumulation of 5.6 inches.
The least rain falls around May 6, with an average total accumulation of 2.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Madison varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 11 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:30 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 19 minutes later at 7:49 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:32 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 8 minutes later at 8:39 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Madison during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Madison experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from May 5 to October 24, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 26% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 6, with muggy conditions 99% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 29, with muggy conditions 2% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Madison experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from September 29 to May 14, with average wind speeds of more than 5.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from May 14 to September 29. The calmest day of the year is August 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Madison varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.6 weeks, from February 26 to March 16 and for 3.6 months, from April 29 to August 17, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 18. The wind is most often from the east for 2.3 months, from August 17 to October 26, with a peak percentage of 45% on September 8. The wind is most often from the north for 4.0 months, from October 26 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 1.
Madison is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.0 months, from June 2 to October 3, with an average temperature above 81°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is July 30, with an average temperature of 85°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from December 15 to March 24, with an average temperature below 66°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 4, with an average temperature of 61°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Madison throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Madison for general outdoor tourist activities are from early April to late May and from late September to early November, with a peak score in the last week of April.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Madison for hot-weather activities are from early May to late June and from mid August to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Madison typically lasts for 9.0 months (274 days), from around February 25 to around November 26, rarely starting before January 31 or after March 24, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 25.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Madison should appear around January 16, only rarely appearing before January 10 or after January 26.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from April 4 to June 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 1, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 13 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Madison are 30.469 deg latitude, -83.413 deg longitude, and 121 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Madison contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 108 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 129 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (177 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (308 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Madison is covered by trees (53%), cropland (22%), and artificial surfaces (19%), within 10 miles by trees (47%) and cropland (34%), and within 50 miles by trees (48%) and herbaceous vegetation (25%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Madison, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Madison.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Madison according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Madison is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Madison and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Valdosta Regional Airport (42%, 37 kilometers, north); Perry Foley (30%, 47 kilometers, south); Thomasville Regional Airport (18%, 66 kilometers, northwest); and Tallahassee Regional Airport (11%, 91 kilometers, west).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .