Average Weather in Sparta Michigan, United States
In Sparta, the summers are long, warm, and partly cloudy and the winters are freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 17°F to 82°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 90°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Sparta for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 21 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 82°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 1 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 40°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 17°F and high of 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Sparta, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Sparta begins around May 16 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around November 5. On August 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 5 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around May 16. On January 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 70% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 30% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sparta varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from April 1 to November 25, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on September 21.
The drier season lasts 4.2 months, from November 25 to April 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on February 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Sparta changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.8 months, from February 21 to December 15. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on September 21.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.2 months, from December 15 to February 21. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 13% on January 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sparta experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Sparta. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.2 inches.
The least rain falls around January 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sparta experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from November 2 to April 11, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 7, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 11 to November 2. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Sparta varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 59 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:02 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 18 minutes later at 8:20 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:07 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 19 minutes later at 9:26 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Sparta during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Sparta experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 30 to September 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 8% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 28, with muggy conditions 34% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 12, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Sparta experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from October 2 to May 14, with average wind speeds of more than 10.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.6 months, from May 14 to October 2. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sparta varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 6.0 days, from April 21 to April 27, with a peak percentage of 27% on April 25. The wind is most often from the west for 4.1 months, from April 27 to August 30 and for 6.7 months, from October 1 to April 21, with a peak percentage of 40% on July 20. The wind is most often from the south for 1.1 months, from August 30 to October 1, with a peak percentage of 32% on September 17.
Sparta is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from July 6 to September 26, with an average temperature above 64°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 13, with an average temperature of 71°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.0 months, from December 17 to May 16, with an average temperature below 42°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 6, with an average temperature of 35°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Sparta throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sparta for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sparta for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Sparta typically lasts for 5.2 months (160 days), from around May 1 to around October 8, rarely starting before April 14 or after May 20, and rarely ending before September 22 or after October 25.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Sparta should appear around April 20, only rarely appearing before April 7 or after May 3.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 5 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.1 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 1 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sparta are 43.161 deg latitude, -85.710 deg longitude, and 781 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sparta contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 773 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (459 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (784 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sparta is covered by cropland (54%), artificial surfaces (22%), and trees (21%), within 10 miles by cropland (62%) and trees (24%), and within 50 miles by cropland (42%) and trees (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sparta, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sparta.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sparta according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sparta is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sparta and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gerald R. Ford International Airport (30%, 34 kilometers, southeast); Fremont Municipal Airport (26%, 38 kilometers, northwest); Muskegon County Airport (22%, 43 kilometers, west); West Michigan Regional Airport (15%, 56 kilometers, southwest); and Gratiot Community Airport (8%, 85 kilometers, east).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .