Average Weather in Union City Michigan, United States
In Union City, the summers are long and warm, the winters are freezing and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 82°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 90°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 23 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 82°F and low of 63°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 30 to March 7, with an average daily high temperature below 41°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 18°F and high of 31°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Union City, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Union City begins around May 23 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around November 5. On August 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 5 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around May 23. On January 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 67% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 33% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Union City varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.7 months, from March 28 to October 19, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on August 5.
The drier season lasts 5.3 months, from October 19 to March 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on January 29.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Union City changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 12 months, from February 2 to January 19. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on August 5.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.0 weeks, from January 19 to February 2. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Union City experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Union City. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 1, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The least rain falls around January 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Union City experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from November 16 to April 5, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 4, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from April 5 to November 16. The least snow falls around July 17, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Union City varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 15 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:04 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 13 minutes later at 8:17 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:08 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 12 minutes later at 9:20 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Union City during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Union City experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 31 to September 20, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 10% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 28, with muggy conditions 41% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 12, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed in Union City experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 8 to May 18, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 18 to October 8. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Union City varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 1.6 months, from August 18 to October 7, with a peak percentage of 33% on October 3. The wind is most often from the west for 10 months, from October 7 to August 18, with a peak percentage of 43% on January 1.
Union City is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from July 4 to September 26, with an average temperature above 64°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 72°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.9 months, from December 15 to May 13, with an average temperature below 43°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 5, with an average temperature of 35°F.
Average Water Temperature
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 4 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 2 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Union City are 42.067 deg latitude, -85.136 deg longitude, and 909 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Union City is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 75 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 903 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (253 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (656 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Union City is covered by cropland (87%) and artificial surfaces (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (83%) and trees (13%), and within 50 miles by cropland (73%) and trees (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Union City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Union City.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Union City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Union City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Union City and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Branch County Memorial Airport (40%, 16 kilometers, southeast); Brooks Field (21%, 25 kilometers, northeast); W K Kellogg Airport (17%, 28 kilometers, north); Kirsch Municipal Airport (12%, 37 kilometers, southwest); and Hree Rivers Municipal Dr Haines Airport (11%, 40 kilometers, west).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .