1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. United States
  3. Michigan
  4. Grand Rapids

Average Weather in Grand Rapids Michigan, United States

In Grand Rapids, the summers are warm and partly cloudy and the winters are freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 83°F and is rarely below 3°F or above 90°F.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec67%67%31%31%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.3 inprecipitation: 3.3 in1.3 in1.3 inmuggy: 36%muggy: 36%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.7tourism score: 6.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Grand Rapids for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 22 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 83°F and low of 63°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 1 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 41°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 18°F and high of 30°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Grand RapidsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmcomfortablecomfortablevery coldfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Dnipro, Ukraine (5,173 miles away) and Aleksandrovskoye, Russia (5,610 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Grand Rapids (view comparison).

Clouds

In Grand Rapids, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Grand Rapids begins around May 16 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around November 5. On August 7, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 5 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around May 16. On January 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 69% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 31% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Grand RapidsclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 767%Aug 767%Jan 731%Jan 731%May 1649%May 1649%Nov 549%Nov 549%clearmostly cloudyovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Grand Rapids varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.4 months, from March 30 to December 11, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on May 24.

The drier season lasts 3.6 months, from December 11 to March 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on February 8.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Grand Rapids changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from February 17 to December 21. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on May 24.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.9 months, from December 21 to February 17. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 12% on January 14.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Grand RapidssnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%May 2433%May 2433%Feb 817%Feb 817%Dec 2124%Dec 2124%Mar 3025%Mar 3025%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Grand Rapids experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Grand Rapids. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.3 inches.

The least rain falls around January 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Grand Rapids experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 8 to April 7, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 8, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 7 to November 8. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Grand RapidssnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inJan 80.7 inJan 80.7 inJul 210.0 inJul 210.0 inNov 80.1 inNov 80.1 inApr 70.1 inApr 70.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Grand Rapids varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 0 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Grand RapidsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2015 hr, 22 minJun 2115 hr, 22 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 0 minDec 219 hr, 0 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:03 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 18 minutes later at 8:21 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:08 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 18 minutes later at 9:25 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Grand Rapids during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Grand RapidsJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 156:03 AMJun 156:03 AM9:25 PMJun 269:25 PMJun 26Dec 85:08 PMDec 85:08 PM8:21 AMNov 48:21 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Grand Rapids experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 31 to September 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 9% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 28, with muggy conditions 36% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Grand RapidsmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 90%Dec 90%Jul 2836%Jul 2836%May 319%May 319%Sep 199%Sep 199%muggymuggydrydrycomfortablecomfortableoppressiveoppressivehumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Grand Rapids experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from October 2 to May 15, with average wind speeds of more than 10.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.6 months, from May 15 to October 2. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Grand RapidswindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphJan 1212.6 mphJan 1212.6 mphAug 37.8 mphAug 37.8 mphOct 210.2 mphOct 210.2 mphMay 1510.2 mphMay 1510.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Grand Rapids varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.1 months, from August 31 to October 2, with a peak percentage of 32% on September 18. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from October 2 to August 31, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Grand RapidsWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Grand Rapids is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from July 6 to September 26, with an average temperature above 64°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 13, with an average temperature of 71°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.9 months, from December 18 to May 16, with an average temperature below 42°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 5, with an average temperature of 35°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Grand Rapids throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Grand Rapids for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Grand Rapidsbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.76.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Grand Rapids for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Grand Rapidsbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.35.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Grand Rapids typically lasts for 5.5 months (167 days), from around April 29 to around October 13, rarely starting before April 11 or after May 18, and rarely ending before September 26 or after October 31.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Grand Rapidsgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Apr 2950%Apr 2950%Oct 1350%Oct 1350%May 1890%May 1890%Sep 2690%Sep 2690%Apr 1110%Apr 1110%Oct 3110%Oct 3110%0%Feb 120%Feb 12Jul 26100%Jul 26100%freezingvery coldcoolcomfortablewarmhotcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Grand Rapids should appear around April 18, only rarely appearing before April 6 or after May 2.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 5 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 1 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Grand RapidsbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 17.1 kWhJul 17.1 kWhDec 231.3 kWhDec 231.3 kWhMay 56.0 kWhMay 56.0 kWhAug 186.0 kWhAug 186.0 kWhNov 12.5 kWhNov 12.5 kWhFeb 142.5 kWhFeb 142.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Grand Rapids are 42.963 deg latitude, -85.668 deg longitude, and 686 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Grand Rapids contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 197 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 666 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (318 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (787 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Grand Rapids is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (61%) and cropland (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (44%) and trees (31%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Grand Rapids, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Grand Rapids.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Grand Rapids according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Grand Rapids is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Grand Rapids and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gerald R. Ford International Airport (67%, 15 kilometers, southeast); West Michigan Regional Airport (14%, 43 kilometers, southwest); Muskegon County Airport (11%, 52 kilometers, northwest); and Fremont Municipal Airport (9%, 59 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.