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Average Weather in Goshen Indiana, United States

In Goshen, the summers are long and warm, the winters are freezing and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 83°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 91°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec68%68%35%35%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.7 inprecipitation: 3.7 in1.4 in1.4 inmuggy: 43%muggy: 43%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.7tourism score: 6.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Goshen for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 23 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 83°F and low of 64°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 1 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 42°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 18°F and high of 31°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in GoshenJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmvery coldfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Staropavlovskaya, Russia (5,761 miles away) and Soleh Bon, Iran (6,487 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Goshen (view comparison).

Clouds

In Goshen, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Goshen begins around May 30 and lasts for 5.1 months, ending around November 2. On August 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 2 and lasts for 6.9 months, ending around May 30. On January 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 65% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 35% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in GoshenclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 2368%Aug 2368%Jan 2635%Jan 2635%May 3051%May 3051%Nov 252%Nov 252%clearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Goshen varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.5 months, from March 27 to October 12, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on June 13.

The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from October 12 to March 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on February 4.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 37% on June 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in GoshenwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 1337%Jun 1337%Feb 417%Feb 417%Jan 122%Jan 122%Mar 2727%Mar 2727%Oct 1227%Oct 1227%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Goshen experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Goshen. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 2, with an average total accumulation of 3.7 inches.

The least rain falls around February 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in GoshenJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 in6 in7 inJun 23.7 inJun 23.7 inFeb 30.9 inFeb 30.9 inAug 43.4 inAug 43.4 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Goshen experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from November 18 to March 31, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 1, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from March 31 to November 18. The least snow falls around July 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in GoshensnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inFeb 10.5 inFeb 10.5 inJul 190.0 inJul 190.0 inNov 180.1 inNov 180.1 inMar 310.1 inMar 310.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Goshen varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 10 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:08 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 11 minutes later at 8:19 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:13 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 8 minutes later at 9:21 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Goshen during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in GoshenJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 146:08 AMJun 146:08 AM9:21 PMJun 279:21 PMJun 27Dec 85:13 PMDec 85:13 PM8:19 AMNov 48:19 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Goshen experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 29 to September 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 26, with muggy conditions 43% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 12, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in GoshenmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 120%Feb 120%Jul 2643%Jul 2643%May 2911%May 2911%Sep 1911%Sep 1911%muggymuggydrydryhumidhumidoppressiveoppressivecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Goshen experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 9 to May 19, with average wind speeds of more than 10.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 19 to October 9. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in GoshenwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphJan 1512.7 mphJan 1512.7 mphAug 47.5 mphAug 47.5 mphOct 910.1 mphOct 910.1 mphMay 1910.1 mphMay 1910.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Goshen varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 2.4 months, from April 18 to June 29 and for 3.3 months, from August 9 to November 18, with a peak percentage of 36% on November 14. The wind is most often from the west for 1.4 months, from June 29 to August 9 and for 5.0 months, from November 18 to April 18, with a peak percentage of 34% on July 20.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in GoshenWSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Goshen is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from July 4 to September 25, with an average temperature above 65°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 72°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.0 months, from December 13 to May 12, with an average temperature below 43°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 35°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Goshen throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Goshen for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Goshenbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.76.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Goshen for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Goshenbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.35.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Goshen typically lasts for 5.9 months (179 days), from around April 22 to around October 18, rarely starting before April 5 or after May 10, and rarely ending before September 30 or after November 5.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Goshengrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Apr 2250%Apr 2250%Oct 1850%Oct 1850%May 1090%May 1090%Sep 3090%Sep 3090%Apr 510%Apr 510%Nov 510%Nov 510%0%Feb 90%Feb 9Jul 24100%Jul 24100%freezingvery coldcoolcomfortablewarmhotcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Goshen should appear around April 13, only rarely appearing before March 28 or after April 26.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 5 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 3 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Goshen are 41.582 deg latitude, -85.834 deg longitude, and 810 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Goshen contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 809 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (308 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (617 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Goshen is covered by artificial surfaces (59%) and cropland (38%), within 10 miles by cropland (82%) and artificial surfaces (14%), and within 50 miles by cropland (78%) and trees (13%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Goshen, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Goshen.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Goshen according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Goshen is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Goshen and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Goshen Municipal Airport (83%, 7 kilometers, southeast); Michigan City Municipal Airport-Phillips Field (6%, 40 kilometers, west); Kirsch Municipal Airport (6%, 42 kilometers, northeast); and Hree Rivers Municipal Dr Haines Airport (4.8%, 47 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.