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Average Weather in Columbia City Indiana, United States

In Columbia City, the summers are warm, the winters are freezing and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 84°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 91°F.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 73°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 84°F and low of 64°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 1 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 42°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 19°F and high of 32°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Columbia CityJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablewarmcoldcoolfreezingvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Columbia City, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Columbia City begins around June 7 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around November 2. On August 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 2 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around June 7. On January 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 63% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 37% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Columbia CityclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 2369%Aug 2369%Jan 2637%Jan 2637%Jun 752%Jun 752%Nov 253%Nov 253%clearmostly cloudyovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Columbia City varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.5 months, from March 30 to September 14, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 40% on May 27.

The drier season lasts 6.5 months, from September 14 to March 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 18% on February 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 40% on May 27.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Columbia CitywetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%May 2740%May 2740%Feb 518%Feb 518%Jan 121%Jan 121%Mar 3029%Mar 3029%Sep 1429%Sep 1429%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Columbia City experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Columbia City. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 3, with an average total accumulation of 3.8 inches.

The least rain falls around February 3, with an average total accumulation of 1.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in Columbia CityJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 in6 in7 inJun 33.8 inJun 33.8 inFeb 31.0 inFeb 31.0 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Columbia City experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from November 22 to April 2, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 1, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from April 2 to November 22. The least snow falls around July 18, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Columbia CitysnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inFeb 10.4 inFeb 10.4 inJul 180.0 inJul 180.0 inNov 220.1 inNov 220.1 inApr 20.1 inApr 20.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Columbia City varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 9 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Columbia CityJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2015 hr, 9 minJun 2115 hr, 9 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 12 minDec 219 hr, 12 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:08 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 8 minutes later at 8:16 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:13 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 6 minutes later at 9:18 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Columbia City during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Columbia CityJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 146:08 AMJun 146:08 AM9:18 PMJun 279:18 PMJun 27Dec 65:13 PMDec 65:13 PM8:16 AMNov 48:16 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Columbia City experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 30 to September 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 10% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 27, with muggy conditions 42% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Columbia CitymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 90%Dec 90%Jul 2742%Jul 2742%May 3010%May 3010%Sep 1910%Sep 1910%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Columbia City experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 10 to May 21, with average wind speeds of more than 10.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 21 to October 10. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Columbia CitywindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphJan 1512.7 mphJan 1512.7 mphAug 47.3 mphAug 47.3 mphOct 1010.0 mphOct 1010.0 mphMay 2110.0 mphMay 2110.0 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Columbia City varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.7 months, from April 24 to June 14 and for 2.4 months, from August 16 to October 27, with a peak percentage of 33% on October 26. The wind is most often from the west for 2.1 months, from June 14 to August 16 and for 5.9 months, from October 27 to April 24, with a peak percentage of 37% on July 20.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Columbia CityWSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 4 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 3 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Columbia CitybrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 16.9 kWhJul 16.9 kWhDec 191.6 kWhDec 191.6 kWhMay 45.9 kWhMay 45.9 kWhAug 255.9 kWhAug 255.9 kWhNov 32.7 kWhNov 32.7 kWhFeb 122.7 kWhFeb 122.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Columbia City are 41.157 deg latitude, -85.488 deg longitude, and 846 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Columbia City contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 98 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 845 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (226 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (614 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Columbia City is covered by cropland (75%) and artificial surfaces (25%), within 10 miles by cropland (94%), and within 50 miles by cropland (90%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Columbia City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Columbia City.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Columbia City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Columbia City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Columbia City and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Fort Wayne International Airport (37%, 31 kilometers, southeast); Warsaw Municipal Airport (36%, 32 kilometers, northwest); and Smith Field (27%, 39 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.