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Average Weather in Signal Mountain Tennessee, United States

In Signal Mountain, the summers are warm and muggy; the winters are short, very cold, and wet; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 30°F to 87°F and is rarely below 17°F or above 93°F.

Climate Summary

coldcoolcomfortablewarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec67%67%44%44%clearovercastprecipitation: 4.9 inprecipitation: 4.9 in2.8 in2.8 inmuggy: 83%muggy: 83%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.6tourism score: 6.60.50.5
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Signal Mountain for warm-weather activities are from mid May to late June and from late July to late September.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 26 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 22, with an average high of 87°F and low of 68°F.

The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 28 to February 25, with an average daily high temperature below 55°F. The coldest day of the year is January 25, with an average low of 30°F and high of 48°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Signal MountainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldhot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Gevgelija, Macedonia (5,469 miles away) and Kutaisi, Georgia (6,170 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Signal Mountain (view comparison).

Clouds

In Signal Mountain, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Signal Mountain begins around June 13 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around November 19. On September 20, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 19 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around June 13. On January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Signal MountainclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 2067%Sep 2067%Jan 344%Jan 344%Jun 1355%Jun 1355%Nov 1956%Nov 1956%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Signal Mountain varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from March 16 to August 23, with a greater than 32% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on July 9.

The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from August 23 to March 16. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on October 13.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 43% on July 9.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Signal MountainwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 943%Jul 943%Oct 1321%Oct 1321%Jan 130%Jan 130%Mar 1632%Mar 1632%Aug 2332%Aug 2332%rainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Signal Mountain experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Signal Mountain. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 1, with an average total accumulation of 4.9 inches.

The least rain falls around August 22, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Signal Mountain experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from December 16 to March 4, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.4 months, from March 4 to December 16. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Signal MountainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 inJan 300.3 inJan 300.3 inJul 250.0 inJul 250.0 inDec 160.1 inDec 160.1 inMar 40.1 inMar 40.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Signal Mountain varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Signal MountainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 31 minJun 2114 hr, 31 minJun 2112 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 229 hr, 48 minDec 219 hr, 48 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:26 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 39 minutes later at 8:05 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:29 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 31 minutes later at 8:59 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Signal Mountain during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Signal MountainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 126:26 AMJun 126:26 AM8:59 PMJun 288:59 PMJun 28Dec 55:29 PMDec 55:29 PM8:05 AMNov 48:05 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Signal Mountain experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 22 to September 26, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 21% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 83% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 26, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Signal MountainmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 260%Jan 260%83%Jul 2483%Jul 24May 2221%May 2221%Sep 2621%Sep 2621%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumiddrydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Signal Mountain experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from October 27 to May 11, with average wind speeds of more than 4.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from May 11 to October 27. The calmest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Signal MountainwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mphFeb 265.7 mphFeb 265.7 mphAug 13.2 mphAug 13.2 mphOct 274.4 mphOct 274.4 mphMay 114.4 mphMay 114.4 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Signal Mountain varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.1 months, from January 21 to February 23 and for 2.1 weeks, from July 30 to August 14, with a peak percentage of 34% on January 29. The wind is most often from the south for 4.1 months, from February 23 to June 27 and for 5.2 months, from August 14 to January 21, with a peak percentage of 42% on May 4. The wind is most often from the west for 1.1 months, from June 27 to July 30, with a peak percentage of 35% on July 14.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Signal MountainSNSWNSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Signal Mountain throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Signal Mountain for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to late June and from late July to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Signal Mountainbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.66.60.50.56.16.15.75.7 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Signal Mountain for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Signal Mountainbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.16.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Signal Mountain typically lasts for 7.0 months (214 days), from around March 31 to around October 31, rarely starting before March 10 or after April 21, and rarely ending before October 14 or after November 19.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Signal Mountaingrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 3150%Mar 3150%Oct 3150%Oct 3190%Apr 2190%Apr 2190%Oct 1490%Oct 1410%Mar 1010%Mar 1010%Nov 1910%Nov 190%Dec 230%Dec 23Jul 21100%Jul 21100%freezingvery coldcoldcomfortablewarmcoolhotfrigid
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Signal Mountain should appear around March 4, only rarely appearing before February 17 or after March 21.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Signal MountainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°F4,500°FMar 487°FMar 487°FMay 26900°FMay 26900°FJul 41,800°FJul 41,800°FDec 314,331°FDec 314,331°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from April 14 to September 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 12 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Signal MountainbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 236.7 kWhJun 236.7 kWhDec 242.3 kWhDec 242.3 kWhApr 145.8 kWhApr 145.8 kWhSep 25.8 kWhSep 25.8 kWhFeb 73.2 kWhFeb 73.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Signal Mountain are 35.123 deg latitude, -85.344 deg longitude, and 1,322 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Signal Mountain contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,355 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,366 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,821 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,720 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Signal Mountain is covered by trees (88%), within 10 miles by trees (68%) and artificial surfaces (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (66%) and cropland (28%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Signal Mountain, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Signal Mountain.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Signal Mountain according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Signal Mountain is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Signal Mountain and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Lovell Field (64%, 17 kilometers, southeast); Winchester Municipal Airport (15%, 66 kilometers, west); Scottsboro Municipal Airport Word Field (12%, 77 kilometers, southwest); and Crossville Memorial Airport (9%, 95 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.