Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Fort Payne Alabama, United States
In Fort Payne, the summers are hot and muggy, the winters are very cold and wet, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 88°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 95°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Fort Payne for warm-weather activities are from mid May to early July and from late July to early October.
Climate in Fort Payne
The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 27 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest month of the year in Fort Payne is July, with an average high of 88°F and low of 67°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 28 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest month of the year in Fort Payne is January, with an average low of 32°F and high of 51°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Fort Payne
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Fort Payne
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Fort Payne, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Fort Payne begins around June 7 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around November 21.
The clearest month of the year in Fort Payne is October, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 21 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around June 7.
The cloudiest month of the year in Fort Payne is January, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Fort Payne
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Fort Payne varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from March 20 to August 21, with a greater than 32% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Fort Payne is July, with an average of 12.5 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 7.0 months, from August 21 to March 20. The month with the fewest wet days in Fort Payne is October, with an average of 6.8 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Fort Payne is July, with an average of 12.5 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 43% on July 9.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Fort Payne
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fort Payne experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Fort Payne. The month with the most rain in Fort Payne is March, with an average rainfall of 4.7 inches.
The month with the least rain in Fort Payne is August, with an average rainfall of 2.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Fort Payne
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fort Payne experiences some seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 1.4 months, from January 1 to February 13, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in Fort Payne is January, with an average snowfall of 1.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 13 to January 1. The least snow falls around July 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Snowfall in Fort Payne
The length of the day in Fort Payne varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2023, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Fort Payne
The earliest sunrise is at 5:29 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 36 minutes later at 7:05 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:32 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 27 minutes later at 7:59 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Fort Payne during 2023, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Fort Payne
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Fort Payne
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Fort Payne
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Fort Payne experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from May 25 to September 25, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 20% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Fort Payne is July, with 23.5 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in Fort Payne is February, with 0.0 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Fort Payne
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Fort Payne experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 23 to May 13, with average wind speeds of more than 4.4 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Fort Payne is March, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 13 to October 23. The calmest month of the year in Fort Payne is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Fort Payne
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Fort Payne varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.1 months, from March 13 to June 15 and for 1.1 months, from November 12 to December 15, with a peak percentage of 39% on May 4. The wind is most often from the west for 1.8 months, from June 15 to August 9, with a peak percentage of 38% on July 14. The wind is most often from the north for 1.3 weeks, from August 9 to August 18; for 1.2 months, from October 5 to November 12; and for 2.9 months, from December 15 to March 13, with a peak percentage of 31% on October 13.
Wind Direction in Fort Payne
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Fort Payne throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Fort Payne for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to early July and from late July to early October, with a peak score in the first week of September.
Tourism Score in Fort Payne
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fort Payne for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
Beach/Pool Score in Fort Payne
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Fort Payne typically lasts for 6.5 months (201 days), from around April 10 to around October 28, rarely starting before March 22 or after April 28, and rarely ending before October 9 or after November 17.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Fort Payne
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Fort Payne should appear around February 21, only rarely appearing before February 2 or after March 11.
Growing Degree Days in Fort Payne
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from April 12 to September 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Fort Payne is June, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 13 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Fort Payne is December, with an average of 2.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Fort Payne
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fort Payne are 34.444 deg latitude, -85.720 deg longitude, and 902 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Fort Payne contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 932 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,109 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,220 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,870 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Fort Payne is covered by trees (53%), artificial surfaces (24%), and cropland (23%), within 10 miles by trees (53%) and cropland (44%), and within 50 miles by trees (61%) and cropland (31%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Fort Payne, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fort Payne.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fort Payne according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Fort Payne is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fort Payne and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Fort Payne and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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