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Average Weather in Jacksonville Alabama, United States

In Jacksonville, the summers are long, hot, and muggy; the winters are short, cold, and wet; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 89°F and is rarely below 20°F or above 95°F.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is July 22, with an average high of 89°F and low of 70°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 30 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest day of the year is January 26, with an average low of 34°F and high of 53°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in JacksonvilleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMhotcoldcoolwarmvery coldcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Jacksonville, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Jacksonville begins around July 13 and lasts for 4.3 months, ending around November 23. On October 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 23 and lasts for 7.7 months, ending around July 13. On January 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in JacksonvilleclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 1367%Oct 1367%Jan 445%Jan 445%Jul 1356%Jul 1356%Nov 2356%Nov 2356%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jacksonville varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from March 30 to August 21, with a greater than 32% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 44% on July 9.

The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from August 21 to March 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on October 15.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 44% on July 9.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in JacksonvillewetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 944%Jul 944%Oct 1521%Oct 1521%Jan 130%Jan 130%Mar 3032%Mar 3032%Aug 2132%Aug 2132%rainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jacksonville experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Jacksonville. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 28, with an average total accumulation of 4.9 inches.

The least rain falls around August 22, with an average total accumulation of 2.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Jacksonville does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in JacksonvilleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 inJan 160.1 inJan 160.1 inJul 310.0 inJul 310.0 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Jacksonville varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 54 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 24 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in JacksonvilleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 24 minJun 2014 hr, 24 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 229 hr, 54 minDec 219 hr, 54 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 34 minutes later at 7:05 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:34 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 24 minutes later at 7:57 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Jacksonville during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in JacksonvilleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:31 AMJun 125:31 AM7:57 PMJun 297:57 PMJun 29Dec 44:34 PMDec 44:34 PM7:05 AMNov 47:05 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Jacksonville experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 18 to September 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 22% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 90% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 27, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in JacksonvillemuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 270%Jan 270%90%Jul 2490%Jul 24May 1822%May 1822%Sep 2922%Sep 2922%drydrymuggymuggyoppressiveoppressivecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Jacksonville experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 12 to May 14, with average wind speeds of more than 4.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 14 to October 12. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jacksonville varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.6 months, from February 26 to June 15 and for 4.1 weeks, from November 16 to December 15, with a peak percentage of 39% on May 4. The wind is most often from the east for 2.4 months, from August 12 to October 25, with a peak percentage of 40% on September 9. The wind is most often from the north for 3.1 weeks, from October 25 to November 16 and for 2.4 months, from December 15 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 30% on October 29.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in JacksonvilleNSWENSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%northeastwestsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from April 10 to August 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 5, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from November 14 to February 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 2.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in JacksonvillebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 56.7 kWhJun 56.7 kWhDec 252.5 kWhDec 252.5 kWhApr 105.8 kWhApr 105.8 kWhAug 315.8 kWhAug 315.8 kWhFeb 43.3 kWhFeb 43.3 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jacksonville are 33.814 deg latitude, -85.761 deg longitude, and 719 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Jacksonville contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 981 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 764 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,555 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,005 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Jacksonville is covered by trees (50%), artificial surfaces (38%), and cropland (12%), within 10 miles by trees (74%) and cropland (19%), and within 50 miles by trees (67%) and cropland (25%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Jacksonville, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Jacksonville.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Jacksonville according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Jacksonville is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Jacksonville and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Anniston Metropolitan Airport (42%, 27 kilometers, south); Northeast Alabama Regional Airport (29%, 34 kilometers, northwest); West Georgia Regional Airport - O V Gray Field (12%, 60 kilometers, east); Isbell Field (9%, 74 kilometers, north); and Richard B Russell Airport (8%, 81 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.