Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Qatar Qatar
In Qatar, the summers are long, sweltering, muggy, arid, and partly cloudy and the winters are comfortable, dry, windy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 58°F to 106°F and is rarely below 51°F or above 112°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Qatar for hot-weather activities are from early April to early May and from late October to late November.
Climate in Qatar
The hot season lasts for 4.4 months, from May 12 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 99°F. The hottest month of the year in Qatar is July, with an average high of 106°F and low of 88°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 5 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 78°F. The coldest month of the year in Qatar is January, with an average low of 58°F and high of 71°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Qatar
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Qatar
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Qatar, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Qatar begins around September 7 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around March 24.
The clearest month of the year in Qatar is October, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around March 24 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around September 7.
The cloudiest month of the year in Qatar is August, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Qatar
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Qatar does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 6%, with an average value of 2%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Qatar is March, with an average of 1.6 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 6% on March 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Qatar
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Qatar experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Qatar. The month with the most rain in Qatar is March, with an average rainfall of 0.4 inches.
The month with the least rain in Qatar is July, with an average rainfall of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Qatar
The length of the day in Qatar varies over the course of the year. In 2023, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 33 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Qatar
The earliest sunrise is at 4:43 AM on June 10, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 39 minutes later at 6:22 AM on January 13. The earliest sunset is at 4:43 PM on November 30, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 46 minutes later at 6:29 PM on July 3.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Qatar during 2023.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Qatar
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Qatar
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Qatar
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Qatar experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from April 23 to November 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Qatar is August, with 26.5 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in Qatar is February, with 0.9 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Qatar
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Qatar experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 13 to April 14, with average wind speeds of more than 9.3 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Qatar is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 14 to November 13. The calmest month of the year in Qatar is September, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Qatar
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Qatar is from the north throughout the year.
Wind Direction in Qatar
Qatar is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.5 months, from June 29 to October 13, with an average temperature above 88°F. The month of the year in Qatar with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 93°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.4 months, from December 23 to April 4, with an average temperature below 72°F. The month of the year in Qatar with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 67°F.
Average Water Temperature in Qatar
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Qatar throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Qatar for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid November to early April, with a peak score in the second week of December.
Tourism Score in Qatar
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Qatar for hot-weather activities are from early April to early May and from late October to late November, with a peak score in the first week of November.
Beach/Pool Score in Qatar
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Qatar are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Qatar
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Qatar
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from May 5 to July 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Qatar is June, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 10 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.8 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Qatar is December, with an average of 4.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Qatar
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Qatar are 25.500 deg latitude, 51.250 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Qatar is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 0 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Qatar is covered by bare soil (99%), within 10 miles by bare soil (98%), and within 50 miles by water (50%) and bare soil (48%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Qatar, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
The details of the data sources used for this report can be found on the Hamad International Airport page.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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