1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Monaco
  3. Commune de Monaco

Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Monaco Monaco

In Monaco, the summers are short, warm, humid, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are long, cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 42°F to 82°F and is rarely below 36°F or above 86°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Monaco for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate in Monaco

coolcomfortablewarmcomfortablecoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow82%82%52%52%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.4 inprecipitation: 3.4 in0.4 in0.4 inmuggy: 52%muggy: 52%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.5beach/pool score: 8.50.00.0
Monaco weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 21 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest month of the year in Monaco is August, with an average high of 81°F and low of 69°F.

The cool season lasts for 4.2 months, from November 22 to March 28, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest month of the year in Monaco is January, with an average low of 42°F and high of 55°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Monaco

Average High and Low Temperature in MonacowarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 1255°FJan 1255°FAug 782°FAug 782°F42°F42°F70°F70°FJun 2176°FJun 2176°FSep 1476°FSep 1476°FNov 2260°FNov 2260°FMar 2860°FMar 2860°F65°F65°F64°F64°F47°F47°F48°F48°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High55°F56°F59°F63°F69°F75°F80°F81°F76°F69°F62°F57°F
Temp.47°F48°F53°F57°F64°F70°F75°F76°F70°F63°F54°F49°F
Low42°F43°F47°F51°F58°F64°F69°F69°F64°F57°F49°F43°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Monaco

Average Hourly Temperature in MonacoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
Map
Marker
© Esri, et al.

Compare Monaco to another city:

Map

In Monaco, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Monaco begins around June 16 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 13.

The clearest month of the year in Monaco is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 81% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 13 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around June 16.

The cloudiest month of the year in Monaco is November, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Monaco

Cloud Cover Categories in MonacoclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2182%Jul 2182%Oct 2152%Oct 2152%Jun 1667%Jun 1667%Sep 1367%Sep 1367%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier44%42%44%44%44%32%19%24%35%46%46%44%
Clearer56%58%56%56%56%68%81%76%65%54%54%56%

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Monaco varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.8 months, from September 10 to June 4, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Monaco is November, with an average of 7.0 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

The drier season lasts 3.2 months, from June 4 to September 10. The month with the fewest wet days in Monaco is July, with an average of 2.3 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Monaco is November, with an average of 7.0 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 25% on November 1.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Monaco

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MonacowetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 125%Nov 125%Jul 126%Jul 126%Jan 117%Jan 117%Sep 1015%Sep 1015%Jun 415%Jun 415%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain5.2d4.4d4.6d6.1d5.2d3.8d2.3d3.2d4.9d7.0d7.0d5.8d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Monaco experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Monaco. The month with the most rain in Monaco is October, with an average rainfall of 3.2 inches.

The month with the least rain in Monaco is July, with an average rainfall of 0.4 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Monaco

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall1.9″1.6″1.5″1.9″1.6″1.0″0.4″0.9″2.0″3.2″3.2″2.3″

The length of the day in Monaco varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 55 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Monaco

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in MonacoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 27 minJun 2115 hr, 27 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 55 minDec 218 hr, 55 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight9.4h10.5h12.0h13.5h14.8h15.4h15.0h13.9h12.4h10.9h9.6h9.0h

The earliest sunrise is at 5:47 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 16 minutes later at 8:04 AM on January 2. The earliest sunset is at 4:53 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 23 minutes later at 9:16 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Monaco during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Monaco

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in MonacoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:47 AMJun 155:47 AM9:16 PMJun 269:16 PMJun 26Dec 84:53 PMDec 84:53 PM8:04 AMJan 28:04 AMJan 2Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Monaco

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Monaco experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from June 10 to September 24, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 13% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Monaco is July, with 14.3 days that are muggy or worse.

The least muggy day of the year is March 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Monaco

Humidity Comfort Levels in MonacomuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 20%Mar 20%Aug 652%Aug 652%Jun 1013%Jun 1013%Sep 2413%Sep 2413%NowNowmuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydryoppressiveoppressive
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.5d6.2d14.3d14.0d5.7d1.0d0.0d0.0d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Monaco experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from October 5 to April 29, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Monaco is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from April 29 to October 5. The calmest month of the year in Monaco is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Monaco

Average Wind Speed in MonacowindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mphNov 268.8 mphNov 268.8 mphAug 105.9 mphAug 105.9 mphOct 57.3 mphOct 57.3 mphApr 297.3 mphApr 297.3 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph)8.58.78.47.86.96.56.26.16.77.88.68.6

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Monaco varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 months, from May 25 to September 5, with a peak percentage of 38% on August 5. The wind is most often from the east for 8.6 months, from September 5 to May 25, with a peak percentage of 34% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Monaco

Wind Direction in MonacoESEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Monaco is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.5 months, from July 1 to September 16, with an average temperature above 72°F. The month of the year in Monaco with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 75°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.7 months, from December 9 to April 30, with an average temperature below 60°F. The month of the year in Monaco with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 56°F.

Average Water Temperature in Monaco

Average Water Temperature in MonacowarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°FAug 1075°FAug 1075°F56°FFeb 1656°FFeb 16Jul 172°FJul 172°FSep 1672°FSep 1672°FDec 960°FDec 960°FApr 3060°FApr 3060°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
WaterJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temperature57°F56°F56°F58°F63°F69°F74°F75°F71°F67°F63°F59°F

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Monaco throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Monaco for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to mid August and from mid August to late September, with a peak score in the last week of June.

Tourism Score in Monaco

Tourism Score in Monacobest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.18.11.61.67.97.97.37.3NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Monaco for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Monaco

Beach/Pool Score in Monacobest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.58.50.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Monaco over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 16, with a 66% chance.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Monaco

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Monacogrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%90%Feb 2390%Feb 2390%Dec 2090%Dec 2066%Jan 1666%Jan 16Jul 17100%Jul 17100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Monaco should appear around February 24, only rarely appearing before February 13 or after March 13.

Growing Degree Days in Monaco

Growing Degree Days in MonacoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°F4,500°F4,500°FFeb 2486°FFeb 2486°FJun 3900°FJun 3900°FJul 141,800°FJul 141,800°FDec 314,223°FDec 314,223°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 11 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Monaco is July, with an average of 7.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 26 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Monaco is December, with an average of 1.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Monaco

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MonacobrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJul 57.6 kWhJul 57.6 kWhDec 161.7 kWhDec 161.7 kWhMay 116.4 kWhMay 116.4 kWhAug 176.4 kWhAug 176.4 kWhOct 262.9 kWhOct 262.9 kWhFeb 122.9 kWhFeb 122.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh)2.03.04.45.66.67.37.46.44.93.32.21.7

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Monaco are 43.731 deg latitude, 7.419 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Monaco is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 0 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Monaco is covered by water (61%), artificial surfaces (16%), and trees (12%), within 10 miles by water (53%) and trees (22%), and within 50 miles by water (47%) and trees (30%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Monaco, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used for this report can be found on the Nice Côte d'Azur International Airport page.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Other Locations

Places