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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Bahrain Bahrain

In Bahrain, the summers are long, sweltering, oppressive, and arid; the winters are comfortable, dry, and windy; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 58°F to 101°F and is rarely below 53°F or above 106°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Bahrain for hot-weather activities are from early April to mid May and from mid October to late November.

Climate in Bahrain

comfortablewarmhotswelteringhotwarmJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow94%94%55%55%clearovercastprecipitation: 0.5 inprecipitation: 0.5 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 98%muggy: 98%1%1%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.3beach/pool score: 8.31.71.7
Bahrain weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The hot season lasts for 4.5 months, from May 17 to October 1, with an average daily high temperature above 94°F. The hottest month of the year in Bahrain is July, with an average high of 101°F and low of 89°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 6 to March 10, with an average daily high temperature below 74°F. The coldest month of the year in Bahrain is January, with an average low of 59°F and high of 68°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Bahrain

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High68°F70°F76°F85°F94°F98°F101°F100°F97°F91°F81°F72°F
Temp.63°F65°F70°F78°F87°F92°F94°F94°F91°F85°F76°F67°F
Low59°F60°F66°F73°F82°F86°F89°F89°F85°F80°F71°F63°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Bahrain

Average Hourly Temperature in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoolcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmhotswelteringcomfortablecool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
Map
Marker
© Esri, et al.

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In Bahrain, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Bahrain begins around September 6 and lasts for 2.5 months, ending around November 21.

The clearest month of the year in Bahrain is October, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 21 and lasts for 9.5 months, ending around September 6.

The cloudiest month of the year in Bahrain is August, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 41% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Bahrain

Cloud Cover Categories in BahrainclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 194%Oct 194%Aug 1155%Aug 1155%Nov 2175%Nov 2175%NowNowclearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier25%24%30%32%18%13%35%41%16%12%24%29%
Clearer75%76%70%68%82%87%65%59%84%88%76%71%

Bahrain does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 0% to 7%, with an average value of 3%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Bahrain is March, with an average of 2.0 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 7% on March 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Bahrain

Daily Chance of Precipitation in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 137%Mar 137%Jun 130%Jun 130%Jan 14%Jan 14%Nov 104%Nov 104%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain1.7d1.5d2.0d0.7d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.0d0.3d1.4d1.6d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Bahrain experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Bahrain. The month with the most rain in Bahrain is January, with an average rainfall of 0.4 inches.

The month with the least rain in Bahrain is July, with an average rainfall of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Bahrain

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall0.4″0.4″0.4″0.1″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.3″0.4″

The length of the day in Bahrain varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Bahrain

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2013 hr, 46 minJun 2113 hr, 46 minJun 2112 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 2210 hr, 31 minDec 2110 hr, 31 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight10.7h11.3h12.0h12.8h13.4h13.7h13.6h13.0h12.3h11.5h10.9h10.5h

The earliest sunrise is at 4:45 AM on June 8, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 41 minutes later at 6:26 AM on January 13. The earliest sunset is at 4:45 PM on November 30, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 48 minutes later at 6:33 PM on July 2.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Bahrain during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Bahrain

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PMJun 84:45 AMJun 84:45 AM6:33 PMJul 26:33 PMJul 2Nov 304:45 PMNov 304:45 PM6:26 AMJan 136:26 AMJan 13daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Bahrain

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Bahrain experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from April 14 to November 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Bahrain is August, with 30.1 days that are muggy or worse.

The month with the fewest muggy days in Bahrain is February, with 0.6 days that are muggy or worse.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Bahrain

Humidity Comfort Levels in BahrainmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 291%Jan 291%98%Aug 2098%Aug 20Apr 1425%Apr 1425%Nov 2925%Nov 2925%NowNowmiserablemiserablemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydryoppressiveoppressive
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days0.6d0.6d2.7d8.7d18.3d23.7d28.2d30.1d28.1d25.9d13.4d3.2d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Bahrain experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from November 9 to April 5, with average wind speeds of more than 10.4 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Bahrain is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.1 months, from April 5 to November 9. The calmest month of the year in Bahrain is September, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Bahrain

Average Wind Speed in BahrainwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mphFeb 812.4 mphFeb 812.4 mphSep 138.4 mphSep 138.4 mphNov 910.4 mphNov 910.4 mphApr 510.4 mphApr 510.4 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph)12.112.211.39.910.111.09.98.68.59.010.811.6

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Bahrain is from the north throughout the year.

Wind Direction in Bahrain

Wind Direction in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNoweastnorthsouthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Bahrain is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.5 months, from June 27 to October 9, with an average temperature above 87°F. The month of the year in Bahrain with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 92°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.4 months, from December 21 to April 4, with an average temperature below 71°F. The month of the year in Bahrain with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 66°F.

Average Water Temperature in Bahrain

Average Water Temperature in BahrainwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°F95°F95°F100°F100°FAug 2292°FAug 2292°F65°FFeb 865°FFeb 8Jun 2787°FJun 2787°FOct 987°FOct 987°FDec 2171°FDec 2171°FApr 471°FApr 471°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
WaterJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temperature67°F66°F68°F74°F81°F86°F90°F92°F90°F86°F79°F72°F

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Bahrain throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Bahrain for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid November to mid April, with a peak score in the last week of November.

Tourism Score in Bahrain

Tourism Score in Bahrainbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.28.22.52.58.18.17.57.5NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Bahrain for hot-weather activities are from early April to mid May and from mid October to late November, with a peak score in the first week of November.

Beach/Pool Score in Bahrain

Beach/Pool Score in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.38.31.71.78.08.02.62.6NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Bahrain are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Bahrain

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3NowNowcoolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days in Bahrain

Growing Degree Days in BahrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°FJan 790°FJan 790°FMar 5900°FMar 5900°FApr 141,800°FApr 141,800°FDec 3110,058°FDec 3110,058°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 9 to July 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Bahrain is June, with an average of 7.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 9 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.6 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Bahrain is December, with an average of 3.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Bahrain

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in BahrainbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 148.0 kWhJun 148.0 kWhDec 193.7 kWhDec 193.7 kWhJul 297.2 kWhJul 297.2 kWhFeb 64.6 kWhFeb 64.6 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh)4.04.95.76.47.47.97.46.96.65.54.33.8

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Bahrain are 26.033 deg latitude, 50.550 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Bahrain is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 0 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Bahrain is covered by bare soil (100%), within 10 miles by water (45%) and bare soil (38%), and within 50 miles by water (61%) and bare soil (35%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Bahrain, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used for this report can be found on the Bahrain International Airport page.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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