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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Gabala International Airport Azerbaijan

At Gabala International Airport, the summers are hot and clear; the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 91°F and is rarely below 20°F or above 98°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Gabala International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September.

Climate at Gabala International Airport

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow95%95%52%52%clearovercastprecipitation: 0.9 inprecipitation: 0.9 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 13%muggy: 13%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.2beach/pool score: 8.20.00.0
Gabala International Airport weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature at Gabala International Airport

The hot season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 2 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 29, with an average high of 91°F and low of 66°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 19 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature below 52°F. The coldest day of the year is January 14, with an average low of 28°F and high of 43°F.

Average High and Low Temperature at Gabala International Airport

Average High and Low Temperature at Gabala International AirporthotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 1443°FJan 1443°FJul 2991°FJul 2991°F28°F28°F66°F66°FJun 281°FJun 281°FSep 1181°FSep 1181°FNov 1952°FNov 1952°FMar 1652°FMar 1652°F57°F57°F60°F60°F38°F38°F36°F36°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Gabala International Airport

Average Hourly Temperature at Gabala International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotwarmfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States (5,809 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Gabala International Airport (view comparison).

Compare Gabala International Airport to another city:

Clouds

At Gabala International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Gabala International Airport begins around June 1 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around September 29. On August 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 95% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 5% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 29 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around June 1. On April 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Gabala International Airport

Cloud Cover Categories at Gabala International AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 1795%Aug 1795%Apr 1252%Apr 1252%Jun 173%Jun 173%Sep 2974%Sep 2974%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Gabala International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.9 months, from March 18 to November 14, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 17% on April 26.

The drier season lasts 4.1 months, from November 14 to March 18. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on December 16.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Gabala International Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from January 15 to December 30. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 17% on April 26.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.0 weeks, from January 1 to January 15. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 3% on February 14.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.0 days, from December 30 to January 1. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 2% on January 8.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Gabala International Airport

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Gabala International AirportrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Apr 2617%Apr 2617%Dec 165%Dec 165%Jan 157%Jan 157%Mar 1811%Mar 1811%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Gabala International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.3 months, from March 14 to November 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from November 23 to March 14. The least rain falls around January 2, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Gabala International Airport

Average Monthly Rainfall at Gabala International AirportrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 inOct 10.9 inOct 10.9 inJan 20.1 inJan 20.1 inMay 80.9 inMay 80.9 inAug 90.4 inAug 90.4 inMar 140.5 inMar 140.5 inNov 230.5 inNov 230.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall at Gabala International Airport does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Gabala International Airport

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Gabala International AirportsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 inJan 150.2 inJan 150.2 inJul 220.0 inJul 220.0 inDec 150.1 inDec 150.1 inMar 40.1 inMar 40.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Gabala International Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Gabala International Airport

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Gabala International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2015 hr, 6 minJun 2115 hr, 6 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 229 hr, 15 minDec 219 hr, 15 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:16 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 57 minutes later at 8:13 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:21 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 4 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Gabala International Airport during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Gabala International Airport

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Gabala International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 145:16 AMJun 145:16 AM8:24 PMJun 278:24 PMJun 27Dec 85:21 PMDec 85:21 PM8:13 AMJan 48:13 AMJan 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Gabala International Airport

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Gabala International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from June 22 to September 6, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 30, with muggy conditions 13% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 14, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Gabala International Airport

Humidity Comfort Levels at Gabala International AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Feb 140%Feb 140%Jul 3013%Jul 3013%Jun 223%Jun 223%Sep 63%Sep 63%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Gabala International Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from March 7 to September 20, with average wind speeds of more than 4.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.6 months, from September 20 to March 7. The calmest day of the year is November 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Gabala International Airport

Average Wind Speed at Gabala International AirportwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mph9 mph9 mphJul 285.3 mphJul 285.3 mphNov 293.5 mphNov 293.5 mphMar 74.4 mphMar 74.4 mphSep 204.4 mphSep 204.4 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Gabala International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 7.3 months, from March 8 to October 16, with a peak percentage of 60% on July 17. The wind is most often from the east for 3.9 weeks, from October 16 to November 12, with a peak percentage of 33% on October 17. The wind is most often from the west for 3.9 months, from November 12 to March 8, with a peak percentage of 41% on January 1.

Wind Direction at Gabala International Airport

Wind Direction at Gabala International AirportWSEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Gabala International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 24 to September 25, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 78°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 12 to April 23, with an average temperature below 51°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 44°F.

Average Water Temperature at Gabala International Airport

Average Water Temperature at Gabala International AirportwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°FAug 1078°FAug 1078°F44°FFeb 2344°FFeb 23Jun 2471°FJun 2471°FSep 2571°FSep 2571°FDec 1251°FDec 1251°FApr 2351°FApr 2351°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Gabala International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Gabala International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to late June and from mid August to late September, with a peak score in the second week of September.

Tourism Score at Gabala International Airport

Tourism Score at Gabala International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.08.00.20.27.47.46.66.6NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Gabala International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score at Gabala International Airport

Beach/Pool Score at Gabala International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.28.20.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Gabala International Airport typically lasts for 7.9 months (242 days), from around March 25 to around November 22, rarely starting before March 3 or after April 16, and rarely ending before October 29 or after December 14.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Gabala International Airport

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Gabala International Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2550%Mar 2550%Nov 2250%Nov 2290%Apr 1690%Apr 1690%Oct 2990%Oct 2910%Mar 310%Mar 310%Dec 1410%Dec 140%Jan 180%Jan 18Jul 26100%Jul 26100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Gabala International Airport should appear around April 5, only rarely appearing before March 20 or after April 20.

Growing Degree Days at Gabala International Airport

Growing Degree Days at Gabala International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°FApr 587°FApr 587°FJun 10900°FJun 10900°FJul 161,800°FJul 161,800°FDec 313,931°FDec 313,931°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 10 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 24, with an average of 7.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 27 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 2.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Gabala International Airport

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Gabala International AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 247.5 kWhJun 247.5 kWhDec 162.0 kWhDec 162.0 kWhMay 106.4 kWhMay 106.4 kWhAug 216.4 kWhAug 216.4 kWhOct 273.1 kWhOct 273.1 kWhFeb 123.1 kWhFeb 123.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Gabala International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Gabala International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

In this case, the only station close and reliable enough to use as a fallback is Zaqatala International Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.