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Average Weather at Melrose Gunnery Range New Mexico, United States

At Melrose Gunnery Range, the summers are hot; the winters are short, very cold, dry, and windy; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 28°F to 92°F and is rarely below 17°F or above 100°F.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec78%78%62%62%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.0 inprecipitation: 2.0 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 3%muggy: 3%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.2tourism score: 7.20.80.8
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Melrose Gunnery Range for warm-weather activities is from late May to late September.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 22 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is June 29, with an average high of 92°F and low of 66°F.

The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 21 to February 19, with an average daily high temperature below 59°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 28°F and high of 51°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Melrose Gunnery RangeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezingfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Bardsīr, Iran (7,827 miles away) and Khadan Khāk, Pakistan (7,917 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Melrose Gunnery Range (view comparison).

Clouds

At Melrose Gunnery Range, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Melrose Gunnery Range begins around August 31 and lasts for 2.3 months, ending around November 7. On October 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 78% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 7 and lasts for 9.7 months, ending around August 31. On February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Melrose Gunnery RangeclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 478%Oct 478%Feb 1562%Feb 1562%Aug 3170%Aug 3170%Nov 770%Nov 770%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Melrose Gunnery Range varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.3 months, from May 19 to September 27, with a greater than 18% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on August 10.

The drier season lasts 7.7 months, from September 27 to May 19. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on January 11.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Melrose Gunnery Range changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 12 months, from January 11 to January 2. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 31% on August 10.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.3 weeks, from January 2 to January 11. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 2% on January 6.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Melrose Gunnery RangerainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 1031%Aug 1031%Jan 114%Jan 114%Jan 15%Jan 15%May 1918%May 1918%Sep 2718%Sep 2718%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Melrose Gunnery Range experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from April 2 to November 13, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from November 13 to April 2. The least rain falls around January 19, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall at Melrose Gunnery Range does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Melrose Gunnery RangesnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 inJan 30.2 inJan 30.2 inJul 180.0 inJul 180.0 inDec 70.1 inDec 70.1 inFeb 90.1 inFeb 90.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Melrose Gunnery Range varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Melrose Gunnery RangeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 27 minJun 2014 hr, 27 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 229 hr, 52 minDec 219 hr, 52 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:42 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 36 minutes later at 7:18 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:45 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 26 minutes later at 8:11 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Melrose Gunnery Range during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Melrose Gunnery RangeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:42 AMJun 125:42 AM8:11 PMJun 298:11 PMJun 29Dec 44:45 PMDec 44:45 PM7:18 AMNov 47:18 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Melrose Gunnery Range, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Melrose Gunnery RangeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 10%Dec 10%Aug 83%Aug 83%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Melrose Gunnery Range experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from January 16 to June 27, with average wind speeds of more than 10.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.7 months, from June 27 to January 16. The calmest day of the year is August 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Melrose Gunnery RangewindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphApr 1112.4 mphApr 1112.4 mphAug 128.7 mphAug 128.7 mphJan 1610.5 mphJan 1610.5 mphJun 2710.5 mphJun 2710.5 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Melrose Gunnery Range varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 5.6 months, from May 4 to October 22, with a peak percentage of 73% on July 20. The wind is most often from the west for 6.4 months, from October 22 to May 4, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Melrose Gunnery RangeWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Melrose Gunnery Range throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Melrose Gunnery Range for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of June.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Melrose Gunnery Rangebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.27.20.80.87.17.1 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Melrose Gunnery Range for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Melrose Gunnery Rangebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.36.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Melrose Gunnery Range typically lasts for 7.0 months (214 days), from around April 4 to around November 4, rarely starting before March 14 or after April 26, and rarely ending before October 17 or after November 24.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Melrose Gunnery Rangegrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 450%Apr 450%Nov 450%Nov 490%Apr 2690%Apr 2690%Oct 1790%Oct 1710%Mar 1410%Mar 1410%Nov 2410%Nov 240%Jan 260%Jan 26Jul 23100%Jul 23100%very coldcoldcomfortablewarmhotcoolfreezing
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Melrose Gunnery Range should appear around February 22, only rarely appearing before February 9 or after March 8.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Melrose Gunnery RangeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°F4,500°FFeb 2288°FFeb 2288°FMay 23900°FMay 23900°FJun 301,800°FJun 301,800°FDec 314,471°FDec 314,471°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 12 to August 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 10, with an average of 8.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 6 to February 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Melrose Gunnery RangebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 108.1 kWhJun 108.1 kWhDec 233.1 kWhDec 233.1 kWhApr 127.1 kWhApr 127.1 kWhAug 27.1 kWhAug 27.1 kWhNov 64.1 kWhNov 64.1 kWhFeb 54.1 kWhFeb 54.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Melrose Gunnery Range, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Melrose Gunnery Range has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Cannon Air Force Base, Clovis Municipal Airport, Tucumcari Municipal Airport, Roswell Industrial Air Center Airport, Hereford Municipal Airport, Reese Air Force Base / Lubbock, and Hale County Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.