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Average Weather at White Mountain Airport Alaska, United States

At White Mountain Airport, the summers are cool; the winters are long, frigid, snowy, and windy; and it is mostly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 1°F to 63°F and is rarely below -24°F or above 75°F.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec44%44%28%28%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.9 inprecipitation: 2.9 in0.6 in0.6 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 2.6tourism score: 2.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit White Mountain Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to late July.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 24 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 53°F. The hottest day of the year is June 30, with an average high of 63°F and low of 48°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.4 months, from November 13 to March 25, with an average daily high temperature below 24°F. The coldest day of the year is January 19, with an average low of 1°F and high of 14°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at White Mountain AirportwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-30°F-20°F-10°F0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°F110°FJan 1914°FJan 1914°FJun 3063°FJun 3063°F1°F1°F48°F48°FMay 2453°FMay 2453°FSep 1153°FSep 1153°FNov 1324°FNov 1324°FMar 2524°FMar 2524°F37°F37°F41°F41°F14°F14°F7°F7°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoolvery coldvery coldcool
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Muonio, Finland (3,269 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to White Mountain Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At White Mountain Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at White Mountain Airport begins around February 26 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around July 16. On May 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around July 16 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around February 26. On January 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 72% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 28% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at White Mountain AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2844%May 2844%Jan 728%Jan 728%Feb 2636%Feb 2636%Jul 1636%Jul 1636%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at White Mountain Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from July 4 to October 2, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on August 10.

The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from October 2 to July 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 10% on March 17.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at White Mountain Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 6.9 months, from April 8 to November 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on August 10.

Snow alone is the most common for 5.1 months, from November 5 to April 8. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 12% on December 17.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at White Mountain AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 1037%Aug 1037%Mar 1710%Mar 1710%Nov 520%Nov 520%Jan 117%Jan 117%Jul 423%Jul 423%Oct 223%Oct 223%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. White Mountain Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from April 16 to November 21, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 12, with an average total accumulation of 2.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from November 21 to April 16. The least rain falls around March 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. White Mountain Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 8 to May 8, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.8 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 8 to October 8. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at White Mountain AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inDec 290.8 inDec 290.8 inJul 240.0 inJul 240.0 inOct 80.1 inOct 80.1 inMay 80.1 inMay 80.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at White Mountain Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 3 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 21 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 12 minMar 2012 hr, 12 minMar 2021 hr, 40 minJun 2021 hr, 40 minJun 2012 hr, 15 minSep 2212 hr, 15 minSep 223 hr, 47 minDec 213 hr, 47 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:05 AM on June 20, and the latest sunrise is 7 hours, 54 minutes later at 11:59 AM on December 24. The earliest sunset is at 3:44 PM on December 18, and the latest sunset is 10 hours, 1 minute later at 1:45 AM on June 21.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at White Mountain Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJun 204:05 AMJun 204:05 AM1:45 AMJun 211:45 AMJun 21Dec 183:44 PMDec 183:44 PM11:59 AMDec 2411:59 AMDec 24Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at White Mountain Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 210%Jan 210%Jun 290%Jun 290%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at White Mountain Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from September 20 to April 20, with average wind speeds of more than 11.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from April 20 to September 20. The calmest day of the year is June 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at White Mountain AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mphFeb 1214.6 mphFeb 1214.6 mphJun 228.2 mphJun 228.2 mphSep 2011.4 mphSep 2011.4 mphApr 2011.4 mphApr 2011.4 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at White Mountain Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 5.2 months, from January 10 to June 15 and for 4.3 months, from August 23 to December 31, with a peak percentage of 48% on March 22. The wind is most often from the south for 2.3 months, from June 15 to August 23, with a peak percentage of 36% on July 5. The wind is most often from the east for 1.4 weeks, from December 31 to January 10, with a peak percentage of 41% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at White Mountain AirportENSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

White Mountain Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.2 months, from July 8 to September 13, with an average temperature above 49°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 7, with an average temperature of 54°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 6.6 months, from November 1 to May 21, with an average temperature below 35°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 8, with an average temperature of 30°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at White Mountain Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit White Mountain Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late July, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468102.62.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit White Mountain Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid July, with a peak score in the last week of June.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468100.20.20.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at White Mountain Airport typically lasts for 3.4 months (105 days), from around May 27 to around September 10, rarely starting before May 10 or after June 15, and rarely ending before August 17 or after October 3.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2750%May 2750%Sep 1050%Sep 1050%Jun 1590%Jun 1590%Aug 1790%Aug 1790%May 1010%May 1010%Oct 310%Oct 310%0%Feb 230%Feb 23Jul 25100%Jul 25100%frigidfreezingcoldcoolvery cold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at White Mountain Airport should appear around June 13, only rarely appearing before June 3 or after June 30.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at White Mountain AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F100°F200°F300°F400°F500°F600°F700°FJun 1390°FJun 1390°FDec 31539°FDec 31539°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from April 29 to July 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 7, with an average of 5.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from October 11 to February 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at White Mountain AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJun 75.8 kWhJun 75.8 kWhDec 210.0 kWhDec 210.0 kWhApr 294.6 kWhApr 294.6 kWhJul 214.6 kWhJul 214.6 kWhOct 111.2 kWhOct 111.2 kWhFeb 261.2 kWhFeb 261.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at White Mountain Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

White Mountain Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Golovin Airport, St. Michael Airport, Nome Airport, Koyuk Airport, Buckland Airport, Unalakleet Airport, and Teller Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.