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Average Weather at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station Maryland, United States

At Thomas Point Coast Guard Station, the summers are warm and muggy, the winters are very cold and windy, and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 29°F to 86°F and is rarely below 17°F or above 94°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec65%65%48%48%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.6 inprecipitation: 3.6 in2.7 in2.7 inmuggy: 66%muggy: 66%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.9tourism score: 6.90.20.2
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Thomas Point Coast Guard Station for warm-weather activities are from mid to late June and from mid August to early October.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 30 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 86°F and low of 71°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from December 1 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest day of the year is January 30, with an average low of 29°F and high of 42°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmvery coldfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Belokany, Azerbaijan (5,816 miles away) and Pohang, South Korea (7,012 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Thomas Point Coast Guard Station (view comparison).

Clouds

At Thomas Point Coast Guard Station, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station begins around July 5 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around November 19. On October 12, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 19 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around July 5. On January 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 1265%Oct 1265%Jan 548%Jan 548%Jul 556%Jul 556%Nov 1957%Nov 1957%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.4 months, from April 11 to August 23, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 38% on August 2.

The drier season lasts 7.6 months, from August 23 to April 11. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on October 20.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 38% on August 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 238%Aug 238%Oct 2021%Oct 2021%Jan 123%Jan 123%Apr 1130%Apr 1130%rainmixedsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Thomas Point Coast Guard Station experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 30, with an average total accumulation of 3.6 inches.

The least rain falls around January 30, with an average total accumulation of 2.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Thomas Point Coast Guard Station experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 26 to March 26, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 26 to November 26. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inJan 270.6 inJan 270.6 inJul 250.0 inJul 250.0 inNov 260.1 inNov 260.1 inMar 260.1 inMar 260.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 26 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 54 minJun 2114 hr, 54 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 26 minDec 219 hr, 26 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:39 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 57 minutes later at 7:36 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:43 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 52 minutes later at 8:35 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 135:39 AMJun 135:39 AM8:35 PMJun 278:35 PMJun 27Dec 74:43 PMDec 74:43 PM7:36 AMNov 47:36 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Thomas Point Coast Guard Station experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 20 to October 1, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 17% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 20, with muggy conditions 66% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 280%Jan 280%Jul 2066%Jul 2066%May 2017%May 2017%Oct 117%Oct 117%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydryhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortablemiserablemiserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 10 to May 9, with average wind speeds of more than 8.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 9 to October 10. The calmest day of the year is July 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphFeb 2611.0 mphFeb 2611.0 mphJul 276.8 mphJul 276.8 mphOct 108.9 mphOct 108.9 mphMay 98.9 mphMay 98.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.0 months, from March 1 to April 1, with a peak percentage of 32% on March 10. The wind is most often from the south for 5.0 days, from April 1 to April 6; for 3.0 days, from April 10 to April 13; and for 6.2 months, from April 16 to October 23, with a peak percentage of 37% on August 2. The wind is most often from the west for 4.0 days, from April 6 to April 10; for 3.0 days, from April 13 to April 16; and for 4.3 months, from October 23 to March 1, with a peak percentage of 29% on April 14.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationWNSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Thomas Point Coast Guard Station is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.3 months, from June 23 to October 2, with an average temperature above 69°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 77°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.6 months, from December 19 to April 6, with an average temperature below 44°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 9, with an average temperature of 36°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Thomas Point Coast Guard Station for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid to late June and from mid August to early October, with a peak score in the first week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Thomas Point Coast Guard Stationbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.96.90.20.26.36.35.85.8 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Thomas Point Coast Guard Station for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Thomas Point Coast Guard Stationbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.56.50.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station typically lasts for 7.9 months (241 days), from around March 27 to around November 23, rarely starting before March 8 or after April 13, and rarely ending before November 4 or after December 16.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Thomas Point Coast Guard Stationgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2750%Mar 2750%Nov 2350%Nov 2390%Apr 1390%Apr 1390%Nov 490%Nov 410%Mar 810%Mar 810%Dec 1610%Dec 160%Jan 260%Jan 26Jul 25100%Jul 25100%freezingvery coldcoldcomfortablewarmhotcool
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station should appear around March 28, only rarely appearing before March 12 or after April 13.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°FMar 2883°FMar 2883°FJun 8900°FJun 8900°FJul 151,800°FJul 151,800°FDec 314,093°FDec 314,093°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from April 27 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 6 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Thomas Point Coast Guard StationbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 236.9 kWhJun 236.9 kWhDec 232.0 kWhDec 232.0 kWhApr 275.9 kWhApr 275.9 kWhAug 215.9 kWhAug 215.9 kWhNov 63.0 kWhNov 63.0 kWhFeb 93.0 kWhFeb 93.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Thomas Point Coast Guard Station are 38.900 deg latitude, -76.433 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Thomas Point Coast Guard Station is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 7 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (217 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (896 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Thomas Point Coast Guard Station is covered by water (100%), within 10 miles by water (63%) and trees (18%), and within 50 miles by trees (31%) and cropland (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Thomas Point Coast Guard Station, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Thomas Point Coast Guard Station has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Annapolis, United States Naval Academy; Easton Airport; Martin State Airport; Baltimore-Washington International Airport; Baltimore, Inner Harbor; Tipton Airport; Cambridge-Dorchester Airport; and Washington Executive Airport/Hyde Field.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.