Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Jinotega Nicaragua
In Jinotega, the wet season is muggy and overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is warm year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 56°F to 84°F and is rarely below 53°F or above 88°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Jinotega for warm-weather activities is from late November to early April.
Climate in Jinotega
The warm season lasts for 1.8 months, from March 24 to May 16, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest month of the year in Jinotega is April, with an average high of 84°F and low of 61°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.7 months, from November 12 to February 4, with an average daily high temperature below 77°F. The coldest month of the year in Jinotega is January, with an average low of 56°F and high of 76°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Jinotega
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Jinotega
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Jinotega, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Jinotega begins around November 21 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around April 14.
The clearest month of the year in Jinotega is January, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 14 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around November 21.
The cloudiest month of the year in Jinotega is June, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 89% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Jinotega
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jinotega varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.6 months, from May 13 to October 31, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Jinotega is September, with an average of 12.9 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 6.4 months, from October 31 to May 13. The month with the fewest wet days in Jinotega is January, with an average of 0.3 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Jinotega is September, with an average of 12.9 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 45% on September 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Jinotega
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jinotega experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from April 11 to December 3, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Jinotega is September, with an average rainfall of 6.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from December 3 to April 11. The month with the least rain in Jinotega is January, with an average rainfall of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Jinotega
The length of the day in Jinotega does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 53 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2023, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 21 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Jinotega
The earliest sunrise is at 5:16 AM on June 1, and the latest sunrise is 54 minutes later at 6:10 AM on January 23. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on November 20, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 1 minute later at 6:14 PM on July 10.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Jinotega during 2023.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Jinotega
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Jinotega
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Jinotega
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Jinotega experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from April 25 to November 30, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 20% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Jinotega is September, with 21.6 days that are muggy or worse.
The month with the fewest muggy days in Jinotega is February, with 1.0 days that are muggy or worse.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Jinotega
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Jinotega experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 18 to April 18, with average wind speeds of more than 6.9 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Jinotega is January, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 18 to November 18. The calmest month of the year in Jinotega is September, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Jinotega
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jinotega is from the east throughout the year.
Wind Direction in Jinotega
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Jinotega throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Jinotega for general outdoor tourist activities is from late November to early April, with a peak score in the first week of January.
Tourism Score in Jinotega
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Jinotega for hot-weather activities is from mid February to late April, with a peak score in the last week of March.
Beach/Pool Score in Jinotega
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Jinotega are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Jinotega
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Jinotega
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from February 26 to April 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Jinotega is March, with an average of 7.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from September 2 to December 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.5 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Jinotega is October, with an average of 5.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Jinotega
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jinotega are 13.088 deg latitude, -85.999 deg longitude, and 3,340 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Jinotega contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,244 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,909 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (3,842 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,597 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Jinotega is covered by trees (38%), grassland (32%), and cropland (20%), within 10 miles by trees (39%) and grassland (28%), and within 50 miles by trees (39%) and cropland (27%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Jinotega, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Augusto César Sandino International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Jinotega.
At a distance of 107 kilometers from Jinotega, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Jinotega according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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