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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System Canada

At Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System, the summers are comfortable; the winters are long, frigid, and snowy; and it is mostly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -16°F to 72°F and is rarely below -34°F or above 81°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System for warm-weather activities is from late June to late July.

Climate at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

frigidcoolcomfortablecoolfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow46%46%21%21%overcastclearprecipitation: 1.6 inprecipitation: 1.6 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 5.0tourism score: 5.00.00.0
Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

The warm season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 22 to September 6, with an average daily high temperature above 57°F. The hottest day of the year is July 5, with an average high of 72°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.5 months, from November 5 to March 22, with an average daily high temperature below 12°F. The coldest day of the year is January 19, with an average low of -16°F and high of -3°F.

Average High and Low Temperature at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Average High and Low Temperature at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-40°F-40°F-20°F-20°F0°F0°F20°F20°F40°F40°F60°F60°F80°F80°F100°F100°FJan 19-3°FJan 19-3°FJul 572°FJul 572°F-16°F-16°F56°F56°FMay 2257°FMay 2257°FSep 657°FSep 657°FNov 512°FNov 512°FMar 2212°FMar 2212°F41°F41°F43°F43°F1°F1°F-4°F-4°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Average Hourly Temperature at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery coldfreezingfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Kogalym, Russia (3,403 miles away) and Alekseyevskaya, Russia (3,249 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System (view comparison).

Compare Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System to another city:

Clouds

At Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System begins around May 7 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around September 29. On June 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 29 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 7. On April 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 79% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 21% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Cloud Cover Categories at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 1746%Jun 1746%Apr 321%Apr 321%May 733%May 733%Sep 2934%Sep 2934%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.3 months, from May 8 to October 18, with a greater than 13% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on July 18.

The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from October 18 to May 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on March 18.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System changes throughout the year.

Snow alone is the most common for 6.7 months, from October 9 to April 30. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on October 31.

Rain alone is the most common for 5.3 months, from April 30 to October 9. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 22% on July 18.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 1822%Jul 1822%Mar 184%Mar 184%Apr 3012%Apr 3012%Oct 915%Oct 915%Jan 17%Jan 17%NowNowsnowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 7 to October 9, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 3, with an average total accumulation of 1.6 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 9 to May 7. The least rain falls around November 18, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Average Monthly Rainfall at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 inJul 31.6 inJul 31.6 inNov 180.0 inNov 180.0 inMar 70.0 inMar 70.0 inMay 70.5 inMay 70.5 inOct 90.5 inOct 90.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from September 19 to May 23, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around October 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from May 23 to September 19. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 inOct 250.5 inOct 250.5 inJul 240.0 inJul 240.0 inApr 200.3 inApr 200.3 inSep 190.1 inSep 190.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Due to its extreme latitude, Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.

In the summer at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System during 2021, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 1.2 months, rising at 2:09 AM on June 2, and not setting again until 1:39 AM on July 10.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 13 minMar 2012 hr, 13 minMar 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2012 hr, 16 minSep 2212 hr, 16 minSep 221 hr, 44 minDec 211 hr, 44 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System during 2021, starting in the spring on March 14, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 7.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJun 22:09 AMJun 22:09 AM1:39 AMJul 91:39 AMJul 9Dec 191:46 PMDec 191:46 PM12:03 PMDec 2212:03 PMDec 22Mar 14DSTMar 14DSTdaynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Humidity Comfort Levels at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 190%Jan 190%Jul 210%Jul 210%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from May 6 to July 28, with average wind speeds of more than 7.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 9.3 months, from July 28 to May 6. The calmest day of the year is November 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Average Wind Speed at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphJun 38.1 mphJun 38.1 mphNov 306.7 mphNov 306.7 mphJul 287.4 mphJul 287.4 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.6 months, from February 19 to June 6; for 1.4 months, from June 14 to July 26; for 2.1 weeks, from August 25 to September 9; and for 3.1 months, from September 24 to December 28, with a peak percentage of 47% on March 28. The wind is most often from the east for 1.1 weeks, from June 6 to June 14, with a peak percentage of 37% on June 6. The wind is most often from the west for 4.3 weeks, from July 26 to August 25; for 2.1 weeks, from September 9 to September 24; and for 1.7 months, from December 28 to February 19, with a peak percentage of 34% on August 2.

Wind Direction at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Wind Direction at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemWNNWNWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwesteastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Tourism Score at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Tourism Score at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.05.00.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Beach/Pool Score at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Beach/Pool Score at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810101.41.40.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System typically lasts for 3.9 months (121 days), from around May 19 to around September 17, rarely starting before May 4 or after June 5, and rarely ending before August 30 or after October 5.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting Systemgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1950%May 1950%Sep 1750%Sep 1750%Jun 590%Jun 590%Aug 3090%Aug 3090%May 410%May 410%Oct 510%Oct 510%0%Nov 240%Nov 24Jul 17100%Jul 17100%NowNowfrigidcoldcoolcomfortablefreezingwarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System should appear around May 29, only rarely appearing before May 18 or after June 8.

Growing Degree Days at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Growing Degree Days at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F200°F200°F400°F400°F600°F600°F800°F800°F1,000°F1,000°F1,200°F1,200°F1,400°F1,400°FMay 2990°FMay 2990°FAug 8900°FAug 8900°FDec 311,122°FDec 311,122°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 7 to July 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 17, with an average of 5.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from October 7 to March 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting SystembrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 175.9 kWhJun 175.9 kWhDec 220.0 kWhDec 220.0 kWhMay 74.8 kWhMay 74.8 kWhJul 274.8 kWhJul 274.8 kWhOct 71.2 kWhOct 71.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System are 66.867 deg latitude, -134.200 deg longitude, and 282 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 276 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (522 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (4,324 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System is covered by shrubs (64%) and grassland (25%), within 10 miles by shrubs (42%) and grassland (30%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (35%) and trees (34%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Satah River Automatic Weather Reporting System has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

In this case, the only station close and reliable enough to use as a fallback is Old Crow Automatic Weather Reporting System.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.