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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Sam Ratulangi International Airport Indonesia

The climate at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is hot, oppressive, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 72°F to 89°F and is rarely below 70°F or above 92°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Sam Ratulangi International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid October.

Climate at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

warmhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow26%26%13%13%overcastprecipitation: 8.6 inprecipitation: 8.6 in2.2 in2.2 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%94%94%beach/pool score: 6.1beach/pool score: 6.14.74.7
Sam Ratulangi International Airport weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The temperature at Sam Ratulangi International Airport varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Average High and Low Temperature at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Average High and Low Temperature at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FSep 1389°FSep 1389°F72°F72°FAug 388°FAug 388°FOct 2988°FOct 2988°FDec 2585°FDec 2585°FMar 185°FMar 185°F73°F73°F73°F73°F74°F74°F73°F73°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High 84°F85°F86°F87°F88°F88°F88°F89°F89°F89°F87°F86°F
Temp. 78°F78°F79°F79°F80°F80°F80°F80°F80°F80°F79°F79°F
Low 74°F73°F73°F74°F73°F73°F73°F73°F72°F73°F73°F74°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Average Hourly Temperature at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcomfortablewarmwarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Iquitos, Peru (11,185 miles away) and Grand-Santi, French Guiana (12,045 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Sam Ratulangi International Airport (view comparison).

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At Sam Ratulangi International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport begins around June 25 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around October 27.

The clearest month of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is August, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 27 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around June 25.

The cloudiest month of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 86% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Cloud Cover Categories at Sam Ratulangi International AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 2226%Aug 2226%Dec 213%Dec 213%Jun 2519%Jun 2519%Oct 2720%Oct 2720%NowNowmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastclear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier 82%78%77%78%80%80%79%75%76%79%85%86%
Clearer 18%22%23%22%20%20%21%25%24%21%15%14%

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Sam Ratulangi International Airport varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.3 months, from October 18 to June 27, with a greater than 39% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is January, with an average of 17.8 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

The drier season lasts 3.7 months, from June 27 to October 18. The month with the fewest wet days at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is August, with an average of 7.2 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is January, with an average of 17.8 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 58% on January 22.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Sam Ratulangi International AirportwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 2258%Jan 2258%Sep 221%Sep 221%Jan 155%Jan 155%Oct 1839%Oct 1839%Jun 2739%Jun 2739%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain 17.8d14.0d13.7d14.1d14.8d13.3d10.2d7.2d7.3d11.8d15.1d16.2d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sam Ratulangi International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport. The month with the most rain at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is January, with an average rainfall of 8.6 inches.

The month with the least rain at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is August, with an average rainfall of 2.5 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Average Monthly Rainfall at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in5 in5 in10 in10 in15 in15 inJan 228.6 inJan 228.6 inAug 292.2 inAug 292.2 inMay 26.3 inMay 26.3 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall 8.6″7.7″6.4″6.2″6.2″5.8″4.1″2.5″2.6″4.3″6.1″6.8″

The length of the day at Sam Ratulangi International Airport does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 12 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2022, the shortest day is December 22, with 12 hours, 2 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 13 minJun 2112 hr, 13 minJun 2112 hr, 7 minSep 2312 hr, 7 minSep 2312 hr, 2 minDec 2212 hr, 2 minDec 22nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight 12.0h12.1h12.1h12.1h12.2h12.2h12.2h12.2h12.1h12.1h12.0h12.0h

The earliest sunrise is at 5:22 AM on November 2, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 5:52 AM on February 9. The earliest sunset is at 5:25 PM on November 6, and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 5:56 PM on February 13.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Sam Ratulangi International Airport during 2022.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PMNov 25:22 AMNov 25:22 AM5:56 PMFeb 135:56 PMFeb 13Nov 65:25 PMNov 65:25 PM5:52 AMFeb 95:52 AMFeb 9daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2022. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Solar Elevation and Azimuth at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AM0000101010102020202030303030404040405050505060606060707070808000001010101020202020303030304040404050505050606060607070708065NowNow
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth over the course of the year 2022. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Sam Ratulangi International Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 97% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Humidity Comfort Levels at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Aug 1294%Aug 1294%100%Mar 12100%Mar 12NowNowmiserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggy
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days 31.0d28.0d31.0d30.0d31.0d29.8d30.2d29.3d28.9d30.4d30.0d31.0d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Sam Ratulangi International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from July 1 to September 13, with average wind speeds of more than 8.1 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 9.6 months, from September 13 to July 1. The calmest month of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is May, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Average Wind Speed at Sam Ratulangi International AirportwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphAug 1010.4 mphAug 1010.4 mphMay 15.9 mphMay 15.9 mphJul 18.1 mphJul 18.1 mphSep 138.1 mphSep 138.1 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph) 9.29.58.46.56.17.39.010.07.96.36.37.9

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Sam Ratulangi International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 5.5 months, from May 12 to October 29, with a peak percentage of 92% on August 15. The wind is most often from the west for 1.2 months, from October 29 to December 3, with a peak percentage of 42% on December 1. The wind is most often from the north for 4.5 months, from December 3 to April 19, with a peak percentage of 59% on January 1.

Wind Direction at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Wind Direction at Sam Ratulangi International AirportNESWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Sam Ratulangi International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 1°F of 84°F throughout.

Average Water Temperature at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Average Water Temperature at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec81°F81°F82°F82°F83°F83°F84°F84°F85°F85°F86°F86°FMay 2485°FMay 2485°F83°FJan 3083°FJan 30Jan 1083°FJan 1083°FMar 1783°FMar 1783°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
WaterJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temperature 83°F83°F83°F84°F85°F85°F84°F84°F84°F84°F85°F84°F

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Sam Ratulangi International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sam Ratulangi International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Tourism Score at Sam Ratulangi International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.75.74.54.55.15.1NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sam Ratulangi International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of August.

Beach/Pool Score at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Beach/Pool Score at Sam Ratulangi International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.16.14.74.75.45.4NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures at Sam Ratulangi International Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3NowNowcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Growing Degree Days at Sam Ratulangi International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°FJan 390°FJan 390°FFeb 1900°FFeb 1900°FDec 3110,598°FDec 3110,598°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.7 months, from February 18 to April 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.1 kWh. The brightest month of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is March, with an average of 5.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 1.4 months, from June 3 to July 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest month of the year at Sam Ratulangi International Airport is June, with an average of 4.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Sam Ratulangi International Airport

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Sam Ratulangi International AirportbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhMar 65.3 kWhMar 65.3 kWhJun 244.1 kWhJun 244.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh) 4.65.05.25.04.54.24.45.05.24.94.34.3

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sam Ratulangi International Airport are 1.549 deg latitude, 124.926 deg longitude, and 282 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Sam Ratulangi International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 344 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 280 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (6,473 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,512 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Sam Ratulangi International Airport is covered by trees (53%) and cropland (36%), within 10 miles by trees (45%) and cropland (24%), and within 50 miles by water (80%) and trees (12%).

This report illustrates the typical weather at Sam Ratulangi International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Sam Ratulangi International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Please review our full terms contained on our Terms of Service page.