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Average Weather at Shanghai Pudong International Airport China

At Shanghai Pudong International Airport, the summers are warm, oppressive, wet, and mostly cloudy; the winters are chilly and partly cloudy; and it is windy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 88°F and is rarely below 26°F or above 95°F.

The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 17 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is July 28, with an average high of 88°F and low of 78°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 6 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature below 54°F. The coldest day of the year is January 20, with an average low of 34°F and high of 45°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Shanghai Pudong International Airport12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecchillycoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

At Shanghai Pudong International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins around September 1 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around March 17. On December 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 17 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around September 1. On July 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover at Shanghai Pudong International Airportclearerclearercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 575%Jul 575%Dec 1328%Dec 1328%Sep 151%Sep 151%Mar 1751%Mar 1751%overcastmostly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Shanghai Pudong International Airport varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.5 months, from February 25 to September 11, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 45% on June 26.

The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from September 11 to February 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 13% on December 18.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 45% on June 26.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Shanghai Pudong International Airportwetdrydry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 2645%Jun 2645%Dec 1813%Dec 1813%Feb 2529%Feb 2529%Sep 1129%Sep 1129%mixedrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shanghai Pudong International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Shanghai Pudong International Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 25, with an average total accumulation of 6.8 inches.

The least rain falls around December 21, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Shanghai Pudong International Airport0 in2 in4 in6 in8 in10 in12 in14 inJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 256.8 inJun 256.8 inDec 211.3 inDec 211.3 inAug 254.8 inAug 254.8 inMar 233.3 inMar 233.3 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Shanghai Pudong International Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 7 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:48 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 4 minutes later at 6:52 AM on January 9. The earliest sunset is at 4:49 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 11 minutes later at 7:00 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Shanghai Pudong International Airport during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Shanghai Pudong International Airport12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 114:48 AMJun 114:48 AM7:00 PMJun 307:00 PMJun 30Dec 44:49 PMDec 44:49 PM6:52 AMJan 96:52 AMJan 9daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Shanghai Pudong International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from May 16 to October 10, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 29, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 22, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Shanghai Pudong International Airportmuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 220%Dec 220%100%Jul 29100%Jul 29May 1625%May 1625%Oct 1026%Oct 1026%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggycomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Shanghai Pudong International Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from August 26 to October 23, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 10 months, from October 23 to August 26. The calmest day of the year is June 18, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Shanghai Pudong International Airportwindy0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecSep 257.0 mphSep 257.0 mphJun 186.0 mphJun 186.0 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Shanghai Pudong International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.0 days, from April 8 to April 10; for 4.3 weeks, from May 21 to June 20; and for 1.2 months, from August 14 to September 20, with a peak percentage of 43% on September 13. The wind is most often from the south for 1.4 months, from April 10 to May 21 and for 1.8 months, from June 20 to August 14, with a peak percentage of 56% on July 22. The wind is most often from the north for 6.6 months, from September 20 to April 8, with a peak percentage of 57% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Shanghai Pudong International AirportNSESEN0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecsoutheastnorthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Shanghai Pudong International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.3 months, from June 25 to October 3, with an average temperature above 74°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 82°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from December 24 to April 4, with an average temperature below 52°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 10, with an average temperature of 45°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from April 21 to June 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 22, with an average of 6.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 7 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is January 3, with an average of 2.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Shanghai Pudong International Airportbrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMay 226.0 kWhMay 226.0 kWhJan 32.9 kWhJan 32.9 kWhNov 73.5 kWhNov 73.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Shanghai Pudong International Airport are 31.143 deg latitude, 121.805 deg longitude, and 13 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Shanghai Pudong International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 138 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 13 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (128 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (748 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Shanghai Pudong International Airport is covered by cropland (35%), bare soil (27%), water (14%), and artificial surfaces (11%), within 10 miles by water (52%) and cropland (32%), and within 50 miles by water (70%) and cropland (20%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Shanghai Pudong International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Shanghai Pudong International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.