Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Norilsk-Alykel Airport Russia
At Norilsk-Alykel Airport, the summers are short, cool, and mostly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, snowy, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -18°F to 64°F and is rarely below -40°F or above 77°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Norilsk-Alykel Airport for warm-weather activities is for the entire month of July.
Climate at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
The warm season lasts for 2.7 months, from June 14 to September 5, with an average daily high temperature above 50°F. The hottest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is July, with an average high of 63°F and low of 50°F.
The cold season lasts for 4.4 months, from November 10 to March 24, with an average daily high temperature below 7°F. The coldest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is January, with an average low of -17°F and high of -6°F.
Average High and Low Temperature at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Norilsk-Alykel Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport begins around May 15 and lasts for 3.2 months, ending around August 23.
The clearest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 47% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around August 23 and lasts for 8.8 months, ending around May 15.
The cloudiest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is October, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 81% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Norilsk-Alykel Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.4 months, from May 23 to November 3, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is August, with an average of 10.2 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 6.6 months, from November 3 to May 23. The month with the fewest wet days at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is January, with an average of 3.8 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Norilsk-Alykel Airport changes throughout the year.
Snow alone is the most common for 7.3 months, from October 10 to May 19. The month with the most days of snow alone at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is November, with an average of 5.6 days.
Rain alone is the most common for 4.7 months, from May 19 to October 10. The month with the most days of rain alone at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is August, with an average of 10.2 days.
Daily Chance of Precipitation at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Norilsk-Alykel Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 10 to October 22, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is August, with an average rainfall of 2.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 22 to May 10. The month with the least rain at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is January, with an average rainfall of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Norilsk-Alykel Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from September 12 to June 12, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is November, with an average snowfall of 9.9 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 12 to September 12. The least snow falls around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Snowfall at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
Due to its extreme latitude, Norilsk-Alykel Airport experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.
In the summer at Norilsk-Alykel Airport during 2022, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 2.2 months, rising at 1:38 AM on May 19, and not setting again until 12:55 AM on July 25.
In the winter at Norilsk-Alykel Airport during 2022, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 1.5 months, setting at 1:11 PM on November 29, and not rising again until 1:06 PM on January 13.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Norilsk-Alykel Airport during 2022.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level at Norilsk-Alykel Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Norilsk-Alykel Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 29 to May 5, with average wind speeds of more than 11.9 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is December, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.8 months, from May 5 to October 29. The calmest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Norilsk-Alykel Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 3.8 months, from April 23 to August 18, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 6. The wind is most often from the south for 8.2 months, from August 18 to April 23, with a peak percentage of 72% on January 1.
Wind Direction at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Norilsk-Alykel Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Norilsk-Alykel Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is for the entire month of July, with a peak score in the third week of July.
Tourism Score at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Norilsk-Alykel Airport for hot-weather activities is for the entire month of July, with a peak score in the second week of July.
Beach/Pool Score at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Norilsk-Alykel Airport typically lasts for 3.0 months (92 days), from around June 9 to around September 9, rarely starting before May 24 or after June 25, and rarely ending before August 23 or after September 26.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Norilsk-Alykel Airport should appear around June 27, only rarely appearing before June 15 or after July 12.
Growing Degree Days at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 4 to July 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.4 kWh. The brightest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is June, with an average of 5.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from September 30 to March 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.1 kWh. The darkest month of the year at Norilsk-Alykel Airport is December, with an average of 0.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Norilsk-Alykel Airport
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Norilsk-Alykel Airport are 69.311 deg latitude, 87.332 deg longitude, and 561 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Norilsk-Alykel Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 292 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 462 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,138 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,789 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Norilsk-Alykel Airport is covered by grassland (66%) and trees (24%), within 10 miles by grassland (66%) and shrubs (19%), and within 50 miles by grassland (63%) and shrubs (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Norilsk-Alykel Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Norilsk-Alykel Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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