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Average Weather at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport India

At Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, the wet season is oppressive, windy, and overcast; the dry season is muggy and mostly clear; and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 66°F to 92°F and is rarely below 60°F or above 97°F.

Climate Summary

hothotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec85%85%16%16%clearovercastprecipitation: 23.2 inprecipitation: 23.2 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%12%12%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.6beach/pool score: 8.62.92.9
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport for hot-weather activities are from mid January to mid April and from mid November to early January.

Temperature

The temperature at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°F110°FJan 1686°FJan 1686°FOct 3092°FOct 3092°F66°F66°F76°F76°FJul 386°FJul 386°FSep 1586°FSep 1586°F72°F72°F80°F80°F78°F78°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablewarmhothotcomfortablecomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Darwin, Australia (4,513 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport begins around October 13 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around May 25. On February 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 85% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 15% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around May 25 and lasts for 4.6 months, ending around October 13. On July 29, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 84% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 16% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Feb 1885%Feb 1885%Jul 2916%Jul 2916%Oct 1350%Oct 1350%May 2551%May 2551%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.0 months, from June 5 to October 4, with a greater than 39% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 77% on July 30.

The drier season lasts 8.0 months, from October 4 to June 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on March 17.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 77% on July 30.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 3077%Jul 3077%Mar 171%Mar 171%Jan 11%Jan 11%Jun 539%Jun 539%Oct 439%Oct 439%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from May 7 to November 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 16, with an average total accumulation of 23.2 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.9 months, from November 11 to May 7. The least rain falls around April 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 59 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2013 hr, 17 minJun 2113 hr, 17 minJun 2112 hr, 7 minSep 2312 hr, 7 minSep 2310 hr, 59 minDec 2110 hr, 59 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:00 AM on June 6, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 7:14 AM on January 18. The earliest sunset is at 5:59 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 21 minutes later at 7:20 PM on July 6.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 66:00 AMJun 66:00 AM7:20 PMJul 67:20 PMJul 6Nov 255:59 PMNov 255:59 PM7:14 AMJan 187:14 AMJan 18daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from February 28 to December 3, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 34% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 14, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 22, with muggy conditions 12% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 2212%Jan 2212%100%Jul 14100%Jul 14Feb 2834%Feb 2834%Dec 334%Dec 334%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from June 1 to August 31, with average wind speeds of more than 10.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 9.1 months, from August 31 to June 1. The calmest day of the year is October 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphJul 2514.6 mphJul 2514.6 mphOct 156.7 mphOct 156.7 mphJun 110.6 mphJun 110.6 mphAug 3110.6 mphAug 3110.6 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 6.5 months, from March 22 to October 5, with a peak percentage of 97% on August 5. The wind is most often from the north for 2.4 weeks, from October 5 to October 22 and for 3.3 months, from December 14 to March 22, with a peak percentage of 41% on October 14. The wind is most often from the east for 1.7 months, from October 22 to December 14, with a peak percentage of 49% on November 7.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportNWNENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.0 months, from April 30 to June 29, with an average temperature above 84°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is June 1, with an average temperature of 86°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.4 months, from December 27 to March 7, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 28, with an average temperature of 77°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec74°F76°F78°F80°F82°F84°F86°F88°FJun 186°FJun 186°F77°FJan 2877°FJan 28Apr 3084°FApr 3084°FJun 2984°FJun 2984°FDec 2779°FDec 2779°FMar 779°FMar 779°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to early March, with a peak score in the first week of February.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.28.21.51.5 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport for hot-weather activities are from mid January to mid April and from mid November to early January, with a peak score in the second week of March.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airportbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.68.62.92.97.97.97.77.7 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3comfortablewarmhotcool
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJan 590°FJan 590°FMar 101,800°FMar 101,800°FDec 3111,239°FDec 3111,239°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from March 7 to May 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 13, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from June 14 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is July 24, with an average of 4.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Chhatrapati Shivaji International AirportbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhApr 137.1 kWhApr 137.1 kWhJul 244.8 kWhJul 244.8 kWhMar 76.7 kWhMar 76.7 kWhMay 206.7 kWhMay 206.7 kWhJun 145.3 kWhJun 145.3 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport are 19.089 deg latitude, 72.868 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 177 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 36 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,657 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,029 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (52%) and water (42%), and within 50 miles by water (52%) and cropland (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.