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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Kostanay Airport Kazakhstan

At Kostanay Airport, the summers are long, warm, dry, and partly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, snowy, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -5°F to 79°F and is rarely below -22°F or above 91°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kostanay Airport for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid August.

Climate at Kostanay Airport

frigidfreezingcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow65%65%23%23%overcastclearprecipitation: 1.3 inprecipitation: 1.3 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 3%muggy: 3%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.0tourism score: 7.00.00.0
Kostanay Airport weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature at Kostanay Airport

The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 13 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is June 30, with an average high of 79°F and low of 58°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 21 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 25°F. The coldest day of the year is January 31, with an average low of -5°F and high of 11°F.

Average High and Low Temperature at Kostanay Airport

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Kostanay Airport

Average Hourly Temperature at Kostanay AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Saskatoon, Canada (5,142 miles away) and Stonewall, Canada (5,216 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kostanay Airport (view comparison).

Compare Kostanay Airport to another city:

Clouds

At Kostanay Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Kostanay Airport begins around April 6 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around October 9. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 9 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around April 6. On January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 77% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 23% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Kostanay Airport

Cloud Cover Categories at Kostanay AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2865%Jul 2865%Jan 1623%Jan 1623%Apr 644%Apr 644%Oct 944%Oct 944%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Kostanay Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.7 months, from April 15 to November 4, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on July 7.

The drier season lasts 5.3 months, from November 4 to April 15. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on February 7.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Kostanay Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.7 months, from March 24 to November 14. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 22% on July 7.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.3 months, from November 14 to March 24. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on December 29.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Kostanay Airport

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Kostanay AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 722%Jul 722%Feb 77%Feb 77%Mar 2410%Mar 2410%Nov 1414%Nov 1414%Jan 110%Jan 110%NowNowsnowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kostanay Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 7 to November 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 12, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 2 to April 7. The least rain falls around February 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Kostanay Airport

Average Monthly Rainfall at Kostanay AirportrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 inJul 121.3 inJul 121.3 inFeb 30.0 inFeb 30.0 inMay 191.1 inMay 191.1 inApr 70.5 inApr 70.5 inNov 20.5 inNov 20.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kostanay Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from October 23 to April 16, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 16 to October 23. The least snow falls around July 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Kostanay Airport

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Kostanay AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 in1.4 in1.4 inDec 220.4 inDec 220.4 inJul 160.0 inJul 160.0 inMar 80.3 inMar 80.3 inOct 230.1 inOct 230.1 inApr 160.1 inApr 160.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Kostanay Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 31 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 59 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Kostanay Airport

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Kostanay AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 11 minMar 2012 hr, 11 minMar 2016 hr, 59 minJun 2116 hr, 59 minJun 2112 hr, 13 minSep 2312 hr, 13 minSep 237 hr, 31 minDec 217 hr, 31 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:17 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 43 minutes later at 9:00 AM on December 30. The earliest sunset is at 4:27 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 50 minutes later at 9:17 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Kostanay Airport during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Kostanay Airport

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Kostanay AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 174:17 AMJun 174:17 AM9:17 PMJun 249:17 PMJun 24Dec 134:27 PMDec 134:27 PM9:00 AMDec 309:00 AMDec 30daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Kostanay Airport

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Kostanay Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Kostanay Airport

Humidity Comfort Levels at Kostanay AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 90%Nov 90%Jul 243%Jul 243%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Kostanay Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from September 27 to May 26, with average wind speeds of more than 10.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.0 months, from May 26 to September 27. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Kostanay Airport

Average Wind Speed at Kostanay AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mph20 mph20 mphFeb 1112.0 mphFeb 1112.0 mphJul 318.6 mphJul 318.6 mphSep 2710.3 mphSep 2710.3 mphMay 2610.3 mphMay 2610.3 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Kostanay Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 3.0 days, from January 1 to January 4; for 4.5 months, from January 27 to June 11; and for 4.5 months, from August 17 to December 31, with a peak percentage of 46% on October 15. The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 weeks, from January 4 to January 27 and for 1.0 days, from December 31 to January 1, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 16. The wind is most often from the north for 2.2 months, from June 11 to August 17, with a peak percentage of 43% on July 21.

Wind Direction at Kostanay Airport

Wind Direction at Kostanay AirportSWNWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Kostanay Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kostanay Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score at Kostanay Airport

Tourism Score at Kostanay Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.07.00.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kostanay Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early August, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Beach/Pool Score at Kostanay Airport

Beach/Pool Score at Kostanay Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810104.74.70.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Kostanay Airport typically lasts for 4.5 months (140 days), from around May 9 to around September 26, rarely starting before April 18 or after May 30, and rarely ending before September 7 or after October 13.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Kostanay Airport

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Kostanay Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 950%May 950%Sep 2650%Sep 2650%May 3090%May 3090%Sep 790%Sep 790%Apr 1810%Apr 1810%Oct 1310%Oct 1310%0%Feb 120%Feb 12Jul 20100%Jul 20100%NowNowfrigidfreezingcoolcomfortablewarmcoldhotvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Kostanay Airport should appear around May 2, only rarely appearing before April 22 or after May 12.

Growing Degree Days at Kostanay Airport

Growing Degree Days at Kostanay AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°FMay 290°FMay 290°FJul 1900°FJul 1900°FAug 191,800°FAug 191,800°FDec 312,203°FDec 312,203°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 5 to August 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 6.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 21 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 0.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Kostanay Airport

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Kostanay AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 216.8 kWhJun 216.8 kWhDec 240.7 kWhDec 240.7 kWhMay 55.6 kWhMay 55.6 kWhAug 115.6 kWhAug 115.6 kWhOct 211.9 kWhOct 211.9 kWhFeb 161.9 kWhFeb 161.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kostanay Airport are 53.206 deg latitude, 63.551 deg longitude, and 574 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kostanay Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 89 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 572 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (292 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,699 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kostanay Airport is covered by cropland (47%), grassland (20%), trees (15%), and shrubs (15%), within 10 miles by cropland (57%) and grassland (15%), and within 50 miles by cropland (56%) and grassland (16%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Kostanay Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Kostanay Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.