Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Heydar Aliyev International Airport Azerbaijan
At Heydar Aliyev International Airport, the summers are warm, muggy, arid, and clear; the winters are long, very cold, dry, and partly cloudy; and it is windy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 88°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 96°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Heydar Aliyev International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September.
Climate at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Average Temperature at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The hot season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 6 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 88°F and low of 73°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 27 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature below 53°F. The coldest day of the year is January 28, with an average low of 36°F and high of 44°F.
Average High and Low Temperature at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Heydar Aliyev International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Heydar Aliyev International Airport begins around May 22 and lasts for 4.6 months, ending around October 10. On July 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 97% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 3% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 10 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around May 22. On January 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Heydar Aliyev International Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.0 months, from September 12 to May 12, with a greater than 9% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 16% on October 29.
The drier season lasts 4.0 months, from May 12 to September 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on July 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 16% on October 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Heydar Aliyev International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from September 7 to May 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 15, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 1 to September 7. The least rain falls around July 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The length of the day at Heydar Aliyev International Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 17 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 4 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The earliest sunrise is at 5:08 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 54 minutes later at 8:03 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:12 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 1 minute later at 8:14 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Heydar Aliyev International Airport during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Heydar Aliyev International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from June 10 to October 2, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 19% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 2, with muggy conditions 75% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 19, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Heydar Aliyev International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 9.1 months, from June 30 to April 1, with average wind speeds of more than 11.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 2.9 months, from April 1 to June 30. The calmest day of the year is May 18, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Heydar Aliyev International Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 5.0 days, from January 21 to January 26; for 7.4 months, from February 27 to October 9; and for 1.9 weeks, from November 8 to November 21, with a peak percentage of 66% on July 15. The wind is most often from the south for 1.0 months, from January 26 to February 27; for 4.3 weeks, from October 9 to November 8; and for 2.0 months, from November 21 to January 21, with a peak percentage of 40% on February 21.
Wind Direction at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Heydar Aliyev International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.0 months, from June 24 to September 25, with an average temperature above 72°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 79°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.3 months, from December 11 to April 21, with an average temperature below 52°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 19, with an average temperature of 45°F.
Average Water Temperature at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Heydar Aliyev International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Heydar Aliyev International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to early July and from late August to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
Tourism Score at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Heydar Aliyev International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the third week of July.
Beach/Pool Score at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Heydar Aliyev International Airport typically lasts for 10 months (312 days), from around February 18 to around December 27, rarely starting before January 20 or after March 20, and rarely ending before December 7 or after January 15.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Heydar Aliyev International Airport should appear around April 17, only rarely appearing before April 6 or after April 29.
Growing Degree Days at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 9 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 7.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 28 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Heydar Aliyev International Airport
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Heydar Aliyev International Airport are 40.461 deg latitude, 50.052 deg longitude, and -23 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Heydar Aliyev International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 171 feet and an average elevation above sea level of -13 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (692 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,734 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Heydar Aliyev International Airport is covered by sparse vegetation (27%), grassland (24%), trees (24%), and shrubs (12%), within 10 miles by water (26%) and sparse vegetation (24%), and within 50 miles by water (79%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Heydar Aliyev International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Heydar Aliyev International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.