1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Turkey
  3. Kars Airport

Average Weather at Kars Airport Turkey

At Kars Airport, the summers are warm, dry, and clear and the winters are freezing, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 5°F to 80°F and is rarely below -9°F or above 87°F.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec95%95%47%47%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.8 inprecipitation: 1.8 in0.6 in0.6 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 8.0tourism score: 8.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kars Airport for warm-weather activities is from early July to early September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 10 to September 23, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 80°F and low of 50°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 7 to March 7, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is January 24, with an average low of 5°F and high of 24°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Kars AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmfrigid
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Driggs, Idaho, United States (6,403 miles away) and Milan, New Hampshire, United States (5,291 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kars Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Kars Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Kars Airport begins around June 6 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around October 3. On August 17, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 95% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 5% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 3 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around June 6. On April 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 53% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 47% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Kars AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 1795%Aug 1795%Apr 1147%Apr 1147%Jun 671%Jun 671%Oct 371%Oct 371%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Kars Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.5 months, from April 13 to October 28, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on May 19.

The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from October 28 to April 13. The smallest chance of a wet day is 11% on March 12.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Kars Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.3 months, from March 17 to November 25. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 31% on May 19.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.6 months, from November 25 to March 14. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 13% on February 6.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 3.0 days, from March 14 to March 17. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 4% on March 19.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Kars AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%May 1932%May 1932%Mar 1211%Mar 1211%Nov 2514%Nov 2514%Apr 1321%Apr 1321%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kars Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 22 to November 22, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 15, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 22 to March 22. The least rain falls around January 31, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kars Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 26 to April 16, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 16 to October 26. The least snow falls around July 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Kars AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 inJan 290.6 inJan 290.6 inJul 220.0 inJul 220.0 inOct 260.1 inOct 260.1 inApr 160.1 inApr 160.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Kars Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 16 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 5 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Kars AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2015 hr, 5 minJun 2115 hr, 5 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 229 hr, 16 minDec 219 hr, 16 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:36 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 55 minutes later at 7:31 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 2 minutes later at 7:42 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Kars Airport during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Kars AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 144:36 AMJun 144:36 AM7:42 PMJun 277:42 PMJun 27Dec 84:40 PMDec 84:40 PM7:31 AMJan 47:31 AMJan 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Kars Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Kars AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 260%Jan 260%Aug 60%Aug 60%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Kars Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from November 30 to April 26, with average wind speeds of more than 8.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.1 months, from April 26 to November 30. The calmest day of the year is June 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Kars AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphMar 49.6 mphMar 49.6 mphJun 37.0 mphJun 37.0 mphNov 308.3 mphNov 308.3 mphApr 268.3 mphApr 268.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Kars Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.0 weeks, from June 8 to June 29 and for 2.6 weeks, from August 31 to September 18, with a peak percentage of 38% on June 28. The wind is most often from the east for 2.1 months, from June 29 to August 31, with a peak percentage of 52% on July 27. The wind is most often from the west for 8.7 months, from September 18 to June 8, with a peak percentage of 61% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Kars AirportWNENWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Kars Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kars Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Kars Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.08.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kars Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid July to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Kars AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.94.90.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Kars Airport typically lasts for 4.6 months (142 days), from around May 11 to around September 30, rarely starting before April 20 or after June 7, and rarely ending before September 10 or after October 22.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Kars Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1150%May 1150%Sep 3050%Sep 3050%Jun 790%Jun 790%Sep 1090%Sep 1090%Apr 2010%Apr 2010%Oct 2210%Oct 2210%0%Dec 120%Dec 12Jul 30100%Jul 30100%frigidfreezingcoldcoolcomfortablevery coldwarm
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Kars Airport should appear around May 17, only rarely appearing before May 3 or after May 31.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Kars AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°F1,400°F1,600°F1,800°FMay 1790°FMay 1790°FAug 6900°FAug 6900°FDec 311,566°FDec 311,566°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 22 to August 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 5, with an average of 7.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 30 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 2.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Kars AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJul 57.8 kWhJul 57.8 kWhDec 222.2 kWhDec 222.2 kWhMay 226.7 kWhMay 226.7 kWhAug 276.7 kWhAug 276.7 kWhOct 303.4 kWhOct 303.4 kWhFeb 93.4 kWhFeb 93.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kars Airport are 40.562 deg latitude, 43.115 deg longitude, and 5,866 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kars Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 325 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 5,862 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,606 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,743 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kars Airport is covered by cropland (78%), artificial surfaces (11%), and grassland (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (59%) and grassland (33%), and within 50 miles by grassland (34%) and cropland (33%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Kars Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Kars Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Shirak Airport, Zvartnots International Airport, Erebuni Airport, and Tbilisi.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.