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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Vologda Airport Russia

At Vologda Airport, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 5°F to 73°F and is rarely below -19°F or above 83°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Vologda Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate at Vologda Airport

freezingcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow55%55%15%15%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.9 inprecipitation: 2.9 in0.6 in0.6 inmuggy: 6%muggy: 6%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.3tourism score: 6.30.00.0
Vologda Airport weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature at Vologda Airport

The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from May 20 to August 31, with an average daily high temperature above 62°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 73°F and low of 53°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 17 to March 8, with an average daily high temperature below 29°F. The coldest day of the year is February 5, with an average low of 5°F and high of 18°F.

Average High and Low Temperature at Vologda Airport

Average High and Low Temperature at Vologda AirportwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-20°F-20°F-10°F-10°F0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 518°FFeb 518°FJul 2373°FJul 2373°F5°F5°F53°F53°FMay 2062°FMay 2062°FAug 3162°FAug 3162°FNov 1729°FNov 1729°FMar 829°FMar 829°F42°F42°F46°F46°F21°F21°F13°F13°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Vologda Airport

Average Hourly Temperature at Vologda AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery coldfrigidfrigidfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Vanderhoof, Canada (4,563 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Vologda Airport (view comparison).

Compare Vologda Airport to another city:

Clouds

At Vologda Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Vologda Airport begins around April 18 and lasts for 5.1 months, ending around September 20. On July 25, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 55% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 6.9 months, ending around April 18. On December 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 85% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 15% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Vologda Airport

Cloud Cover Categories at Vologda AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2555%Jul 2555%Dec 2415%Dec 2415%Apr 1835%Apr 1835%Sep 2035%Sep 2035%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Vologda Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.3 months, from May 3 to November 13, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 36% on June 24.

The drier season lasts 5.7 months, from November 13 to May 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on February 26.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Vologda Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.8 months, from March 22 to November 15. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 36% on June 24.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.2 months, from November 15 to March 22. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 17% on December 24.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Vologda Airport

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Vologda AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jun 2436%Jun 2436%Feb 2615%Feb 2615%Nov 1525%Nov 1525%Jan 121%Jan 121%May 325%May 325%NowNowsnowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Vologda Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 25 to November 26, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 28, with an average total accumulation of 2.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 26 to March 25. The least rain falls around January 28, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Vologda Airport

Average Monthly Rainfall at Vologda AirportrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 inJun 282.9 inJun 282.9 inJan 280.1 inJan 280.1 inMar 250.5 inMar 250.5 inNov 260.5 inNov 260.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Vologda Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 7 to April 26, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 11, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.8 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from April 26 to October 7. The least snow falls around July 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Vologda Airport

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Vologda AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 inDec 110.8 inDec 110.8 inJul 280.0 inJul 280.0 inOct 70.1 inOct 70.1 inApr 260.1 inApr 260.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Vologda Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 6 hours, 6 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Vologda Airport

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Vologda AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 13 minMar 2012 hr, 13 minMar 2018 hr, 36 minJun 2118 hr, 36 minJun 2112 hr, 15 minSep 2212 hr, 15 minSep 226 hr, 6 minDec 216 hr, 6 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 3:03 AM on June 18, and the latest sunrise is 6 hours, 14 minutes later at 9:17 AM on December 27. The earliest sunset is at 3:19 PM on December 15, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 21 minutes later at 9:40 PM on June 23.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Vologda Airport during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Vologda Airport

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Vologda AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 183:03 AMJun 183:03 AM9:40 PMJun 239:40 PMJun 23Dec 153:19 PMDec 153:19 PM9:17 AMDec 279:17 AMDec 27daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Vologda Airport

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Vologda Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 3% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Vologda Airport

Humidity Comfort Levels at Vologda AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 60%Mar 60%Jul 216%Jul 216%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Vologda Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 7 to May 3, with average wind speeds of more than 6.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 3 to October 7. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Vologda Airport

Average Wind Speed at Vologda AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mph9 mph9 mph10 mph10 mph11 mph11 mphFeb 167.4 mphFeb 167.4 mphJul 234.8 mphJul 234.8 mphOct 76.1 mphOct 76.1 mphMay 36.1 mphMay 36.1 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Vologda Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 6.4 months, from April 20 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 39% on October 18. The wind is most often from the south for 5.7 months, from October 31 to April 20, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.

Wind Direction at Vologda Airport

Wind Direction at Vologda AirportSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Vologda Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Vologda Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score at Vologda Airport

Tourism Score at Vologda Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.36.30.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Vologda Airport for hot-weather activities is for the entire month of July, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score at Vologda Airport

Beach/Pool Score at Vologda AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810103.13.10.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Vologda Airport typically lasts for 4.3 months (131 days), from around May 13 to around September 21, rarely starting before April 24 or after June 2, and rarely ending before September 3 or after October 10.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Vologda Airport

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Vologda Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1350%May 1350%Sep 2150%Sep 2150%Jun 290%Jun 290%Sep 390%Sep 390%Apr 2410%Apr 2410%Oct 1010%Oct 1010%0%Feb 160%Feb 16Jul 20100%Jul 20100%NowNowfrigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Vologda Airport should appear around May 14, only rarely appearing before May 5 or after May 26.

Growing Degree Days at Vologda Airport

Growing Degree Days at Vologda AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F200°F200°F400°F400°F600°F600°F800°F800°F1,000°F1,000°F1,200°F1,200°F1,400°F1,400°F1,600°F1,600°FMay 1490°FMay 1490°FJul 27900°FJul 27900°FDec 311,349°FDec 311,349°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 5 to August 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 17, with an average of 5.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from October 11 to February 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 0.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Vologda Airport

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Vologda AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhJun 175.9 kWhJun 175.9 kWhDec 200.2 kWhDec 200.2 kWhMay 54.8 kWhMay 54.8 kWhAug 124.8 kWhAug 124.8 kWhOct 111.3 kWhOct 111.3 kWhFeb 241.3 kWhFeb 241.3 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Vologda Airport are 59.283 deg latitude, 39.942 deg longitude, and 384 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Vologda Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 85 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 383 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (266 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (522 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Vologda Airport is covered by cropland (44%), trees (30%), and grassland (24%), within 10 miles by grassland (40%) and trees (36%), and within 50 miles by trees (78%) and grassland (10%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Vologda Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Vologda Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Cherepovets Airport and Tot'Ma.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.