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Average Weather at Julius Nyerere International Airport Tanzania

At Julius Nyerere International Airport, the wet season is hot and mostly cloudy; the dry season is warm, windy, and mostly clear; and it is oppressive year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 66°F to 90°F and is rarely below 64°F or above 93°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Julius Nyerere International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late May to mid October.

Climate Summary

hotwarmhotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow80%80%24%24%clearovercastprecipitation: 6.7 inprecipitation: 6.7 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%81%81%beach/pool score: 8.1beach/pool score: 8.14.64.6
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The temperature at Julius Nyerere International Airport varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Julius Nyerere International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FAug 1384°FAug 1384°FFeb 1690°FFeb 1690°F66°F66°F76°F76°FJan 689°FJan 689°FMar 2289°FMar 2289°FJun 385°FJun 385°F77°F77°F75°F75°F70°F70°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Julius Nyerere International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcomfortablecomfortablewarmhothot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (7,632 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Julius Nyerere International Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Julius Nyerere International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Julius Nyerere International Airport begins around May 7 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around November 24. On September 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 24 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around May 7. On February 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 76% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 24% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Julius Nyerere International AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 180%Sep 180%Feb 724%Feb 724%May 751%May 751%Nov 2452%Nov 2452%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Julius Nyerere International Airport varies very significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.2 months, from November 11 to May 18, with a greater than 36% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 67% on April 7.

The drier season lasts 5.8 months, from May 18 to November 11. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on July 22.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 67% on April 7.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Julius Nyerere International AirportwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Apr 767%Apr 767%Jul 224%Jul 224%Jan 140%Jan 140%Nov 1136%Nov 1136%May 1836%May 1836%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Julius Nyerere International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from September 22 to July 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 17, with an average total accumulation of 6.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from July 5 to September 22. The least rain falls around August 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Julius Nyerere International AirportrainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 in12 in12 inApr 176.7 inApr 176.7 inAug 290.3 inAug 290.3 inDec 123.5 inDec 123.5 inJan 272.3 inJan 272.3 inJul 50.5 inJul 50.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Julius Nyerere International Airport does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 31 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 43 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Julius Nyerere International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minSep 2212 hr, 6 minSep 2212 hr, 32 minDec 2112 hr, 32 minDec 2112 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2011 hr, 43 minJun 2111 hr, 43 minJun 21daydaynightNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:54 AM on November 13, and the latest sunrise is 42 minutes later at 6:36 AM on July 17. The earliest sunset is at 6:13 PM on May 24, and the latest sunset is 36 minutes later at 6:48 PM on January 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Julius Nyerere International Airport during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Julius Nyerere International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMNov 135:54 AMNov 135:54 AM6:48 PMJan 306:48 PMJan 30May 246:13 PMMay 246:13 PM6:36 AMJul 176:36 AMJul 17daynightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Julius Nyerere International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from September 2 to June 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 85% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is January 13, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is July 22, with muggy conditions 81% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Julius Nyerere International AirportmuggymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jul 2281%Jul 2281%100%Jan 13100%Jan 13Sep 285%Sep 285%NowNowmiserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Julius Nyerere International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 23 to October 30, with average wind speeds of more than 10.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.8 months, from October 30 to April 23. The calmest day of the year is March 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Julius Nyerere International AirportwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mphJul 1512.8 mphJul 1512.8 mphMar 257.3 mphMar 257.3 mphApr 2310.1 mphApr 2310.1 mphOct 3010.1 mphOct 3010.1 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Julius Nyerere International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 1.4 months, from February 28 to April 10 and for 3.9 months, from August 19 to December 17, with a peak percentage of 95% on October 30. The wind is most often from the south for 4.3 months, from April 10 to August 19, with a peak percentage of 92% on June 15. The wind is most often from the north for 2.4 months, from December 17 to February 28, with a peak percentage of 70% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Julius Nyerere International AirportNESENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Julius Nyerere International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.5 months, from February 12 to April 26, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is March 24, with an average temperature of 85°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.1 months, from July 3 to October 5, with an average temperature below 79°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 15, with an average temperature of 78°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature at Julius Nyerere International AirportwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec76°F76°F78°F78°F80°F80°F82°F82°F84°F84°F86°F86°FMar 2485°FMar 2485°F78°FAug 1578°FAug 15Feb 1283°FFeb 1283°FApr 2683°FApr 2683°FJul 379°FJul 379°FOct 579°FOct 579°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Julius Nyerere International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Julius Nyerere International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Julius Nyerere International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.57.52.92.9NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Julius Nyerere International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late May to mid October, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Julius Nyerere International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.18.14.64.6NowNowprecipitationprecipitationtemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures at Julius Nyerere International Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Julius Nyerere International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3NowNowcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Julius Nyerere International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°FJul 590°FJul 590°FAug 7900°FAug 7900°FJun 3010,318°FJun 3010,318°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.2 months, from September 9 to November 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is October 11, with an average of 7.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from March 4 to May 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is March 27, with an average of 5.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Julius Nyerere International AirportbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhOct 117.4 kWhOct 117.4 kWhMar 275.3 kWhMar 275.3 kWhMay 75.7 kWhMay 75.7 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Julius Nyerere International Airport are -6.876 deg latitude, 39.202 deg longitude, and 180 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Julius Nyerere International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 178 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,030 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,512 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Julius Nyerere International Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (47%), cropland (28%), and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (36%) and artificial surfaces (22%), and within 50 miles by water (43%) and trees (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Julius Nyerere International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Julius Nyerere International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

In this case, the only station close and reliable enough to use as a fallback is Abeid Amani Karume International Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.