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Average Weather at Sheremetyevo International Airport Russia

At Sheremetyevo International Airport, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, snowy, windy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 11°F to 75°F and is rarely below -9°F or above 85°F.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec58%58%23%23%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.6 inprecipitation: 2.6 in0.8 in0.8 inmuggy: 4%muggy: 4%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.6tourism score: 6.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Sheremetyevo International Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 18 to September 2, with an average daily high temperature above 64°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 75°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 15 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 33°F. The coldest day of the year is February 5, with an average low of 11°F and high of 23°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Sheremetyevo International AirportwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-10°F0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FFeb 523°FFeb 523°FJul 2375°FJul 2375°F11°F11°F56°F56°FMay 1864°FMay 1864°FSep 264°FSep 264°FNov 1533°FNov 1533°FMar 1233°FMar 1233°F44°F44°F49°F49°F25°F25°F19°F19°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Sheremetyevo International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablevery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Edmonton, Canada (4,697 miles away); K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan, United States (4,684 miles); and Washington, Vermont, United States (4,418 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Sheremetyevo International Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Sheremetyevo International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Sheremetyevo International Airport begins around April 17 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around September 22. On August 11, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 22 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around April 17. On December 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 77% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 23% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Sheremetyevo International AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 1158%Aug 1158%Dec 2123%Dec 2123%Apr 1740%Apr 1740%Sep 2240%Sep 2240%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Sheremetyevo International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.6 months, from May 17 to November 5, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 35% on June 22.

The drier season lasts 6.4 months, from November 5 to May 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on March 21.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Sheremetyevo International Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.0 months, from March 20 to November 20. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 35% on June 22.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.9 months, from November 20 to March 20. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 16% on January 10.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Sheremetyevo International AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2235%Jun 2235%Mar 2116%Mar 2116%Nov 2023%Nov 2023%Jan 122%Jan 122%May 1726%May 1726%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sheremetyevo International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.5 months, from March 21 to December 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 3, with an average total accumulation of 2.6 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from December 5 to March 21. The least rain falls around February 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sheremetyevo International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 11 to April 19, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.9 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 19 to October 11. The least snow falls around July 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Sheremetyevo International AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inDec 210.9 inDec 210.9 inJul 260.0 inJul 260.0 inOct 110.1 inOct 110.1 inApr 190.1 inApr 190.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Sheremetyevo International Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 6 hours, 57 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 17 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Sheremetyevo International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 12 minMar 2012 hr, 12 minMar 2017 hr, 37 minJun 2117 hr, 37 minJun 2112 hr, 14 minSep 2212 hr, 14 minSep 226 hr, 57 minDec 216 hr, 57 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 3:43 AM on June 18, and the latest sunrise is 5 hours, 18 minutes later at 9:01 AM on December 29. The earliest sunset is at 3:55 PM on December 14, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 25 minutes later at 9:20 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Sheremetyevo International Airport during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Sheremetyevo International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 183:43 AMJun 183:43 AM9:20 PMJun 249:20 PMJun 24Dec 143:55 PMDec 143:55 PM9:01 AMDec 299:01 AMDec 29daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Sheremetyevo International Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Sheremetyevo International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 100%Mar 100%Jul 104%Jul 104%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Sheremetyevo International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from September 29 to April 12, with average wind speeds of more than 9.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from April 12 to September 29. The calmest day of the year is July 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Sheremetyevo International AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphJan 2512.0 mphJan 2512.0 mphJul 297.8 mphJul 297.8 mphSep 299.9 mphSep 299.9 mphApr 129.9 mphApr 129.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Sheremetyevo International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 2.3 months, from February 6 to April 14, with a peak percentage of 35% on February 17. The wind is most often from the west for 9.7 months, from April 14 to February 6, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Sheremetyevo International AirportWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Sheremetyevo International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sheremetyevo International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Sheremetyevo International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.66.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sheremetyevo International Airport for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Sheremetyevo International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.83.80.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Sheremetyevo International Airport typically lasts for 5.0 months (153 days), from around May 3 to around October 3, rarely starting before April 13 or after May 24, and rarely ending before September 15 or after October 22.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Sheremetyevo International Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 350%May 350%Oct 350%Oct 350%May 2490%May 2490%Sep 1590%Sep 1590%Apr 1310%Apr 1310%Oct 2210%Oct 2210%0%Dec 50%Dec 5Jul 22100%Jul 22100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoolcomfortablewarmcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Sheremetyevo International Airport should appear around May 7, only rarely appearing before April 28 or after May 18.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Sheremetyevo International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°FMay 790°FMay 790°FJul 17900°FJul 17900°FDec 311,673°FDec 311,673°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 3 to August 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 19, with an average of 6.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from October 18 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Sheremetyevo International AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 196.0 kWhJun 196.0 kWhDec 210.4 kWhDec 210.4 kWhMay 34.9 kWhMay 34.9 kWhAug 164.9 kWhAug 164.9 kWhOct 181.5 kWhOct 181.5 kWhFeb 191.5 kWhFeb 191.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sheremetyevo International Airport are 55.972 deg latitude, 37.414 deg longitude, and 607 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Sheremetyevo International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 154 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 596 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (420 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (709 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Sheremetyevo International Airport is covered by cropland (44%), trees (27%), and herbaceous vegetation (10%), within 10 miles by trees (66%) and cropland (13%), and within 50 miles by trees (71%) and cropland (16%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Sheremetyevo International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Sheremetyevo International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Vnukovo International Airport; Domodedovo International Airport; and Tver Migalovo, Kalinin.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.