Average Weather at Port Sudan Sudan
At Port Sudan, the summers are sweltering, arid, and partly cloudy; the winters are comfortable, dry, windy, and mostly clear; and it is humid year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 68°F to 104°F and is rarely below 63°F or above 108°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Port Sudan for hot-weather activities is from late October to mid May.
The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from June 1 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 99°F. The hottest day of the year is August 2, with an average high of 104°F and low of 88°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.5 months, from December 2 to March 19, with an average daily high temperature below 84°F. The coldest day of the year is February 17, with an average low of 68°F and high of 80°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Port Sudan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Port Sudan begins around October 6 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around June 23. On November 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 12% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 23 and lasts for 3.5 months, ending around October 6. On September 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 66% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 34% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
Port Sudan does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 0% to 5%, with an average value of 1%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 5% on October 28.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
The sliding 31-day quantity of rainfall at Port Sudan does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day at Port Sudan varies over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 57 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:51 AM on June 6, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 16 minutes later at 7:08 AM on January 18. The earliest sunset is at 5:50 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 23 minutes later at 7:13 PM on July 5.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Port Sudan during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Port Sudan experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 10 months, from July 13 to May 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 34% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is October 28, with muggy conditions 93% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is June 17, with muggy conditions 14% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Port Sudan experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from October 29 to April 28, with average wind speeds of more than 8.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.0 months, from April 28 to October 29. The calmest day of the year is September 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Port Sudan varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 months, from June 29 to August 29, with a peak percentage of 45% on August 3. The wind is most often from the north for 1.3 months, from August 29 to October 8 and for 6.9 months, from December 1 to June 29, with a peak percentage of 56% on September 25. The wind is most often from the east for 1.8 months, from October 8 to December 1, with a peak percentage of 64% on October 27.
Port Sudan is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.9 months, from July 6 to November 2, with an average temperature above 86°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 24, with an average temperature of 88°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.1 months, from January 1 to April 5, with an average temperature below 80°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 10, with an average temperature of 77°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Port Sudan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Port Sudan for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to late March, with a peak score in the last week of January.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Port Sudan for hot-weather activities is from late October to mid May, with a peak score in the last week of November.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures at Port Sudan are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from March 23 to July 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 14, with an average of 7.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from November 12 to January 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 4.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Port Sudan are 19.567 deg latitude, 37.217 deg longitude, and 33 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Port Sudan contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 164 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 39 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (892 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,958 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Port Sudan is covered by artificial surfaces (52%), sparse vegetation (17%), and grassland (10%), within 10 miles by water (34%) and sparse vegetation (26%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (45%) and water (45%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Port Sudan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Port Sudan has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.