Average Weather at Incirlik Air Base Turkey
At Incirlik Air Base, the summers are long, hot, muggy, dry, and clear and the winters are cold, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 40°F to 93°F and is rarely below 32°F or above 98°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Incirlik Air Base for hot-weather activities are from early June to late July and from mid August to late September.
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from June 7 to October 5, with an average daily high temperature above 86°F. The hottest day of the year is August 13, with an average high of 93°F and low of 74°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 1 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 64°F. The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of 40°F and high of 57°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Incirlik Air Base, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Incirlik Air Base begins around May 18 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 9. On July 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 9 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 18. On December 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Incirlik Air Base varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.9 months, from October 11 to May 8, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on February 4.
The drier season lasts 5.1 months, from May 8 to October 11. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on July 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on February 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Incirlik Air Base experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.6 months, from September 9 to June 27, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 28, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from June 27 to September 9. The least rain falls around July 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day at Incirlik Air Base varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 37 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:18 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 34 minutes later at 7:51 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:21 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 41 minutes later at 8:02 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Incirlik Air Base during 2019.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Incirlik Air Base experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 30 to October 2, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 21% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 5, with muggy conditions 85% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 11, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Incirlik Air Base experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from June 12 to September 2, with average wind speeds of more than 6.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 9.3 months, from September 2 to June 12. The calmest day of the year is October 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Incirlik Air Base varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 7.4 months, from March 2 to October 14, with a peak percentage of 74% on July 28. The wind is most often from the north for 1.2 months, from October 14 to November 21, with a peak percentage of 39% on November 9. The wind is most often from the east for 3.4 months, from November 21 to March 2, with a peak percentage of 46% on January 1.
Incirlik Air Base is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.4 months, from June 30 to October 10, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 19, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.1 months, from December 24 to April 26, with an average temperature below 66°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 27, with an average temperature of 62°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Incirlik Air Base throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Incirlik Air Base for general outdoor tourist activities are from late April to mid June and from late September to late October, with a peak score in the last week of May.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Incirlik Air Base for hot-weather activities are from early June to late July and from mid August to late September, with a peak score in the third week of June.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Incirlik Air Base typically lasts for 11 months (340 days), from around January 30 to around January 5, rarely starting after March 7, or ending before December 9.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Incirlik Air Base should appear around February 6, only rarely appearing before January 23 or after February 27.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 15 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 8.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 3 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Incirlik Air Base are 36.999 deg latitude, 35.420 deg longitude, and 174 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Incirlik Air Base contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 177 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 186 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (922 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (11,148 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Incirlik Air Base is covered by artificial surfaces (60%) and cropland (38%), within 10 miles by cropland (71%) and artificial surfaces (16%), and within 50 miles by cropland (42%) and water (28%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Incirlik Air Base, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Incirlik Air Base has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back are Adana Şakirpaşa Airport, Iskenderun, Hatay Airport, Kahramanmaraş Airport, Lattakia, Aleppo International Airport, and Gaziantep Oğuzeli International Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.