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Average Weather at Ma'An Jordan

At Ma'An, the summers are long, hot, arid, and clear and the winters are cold, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 93°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 99°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Ma'An for hot-weather activities is from early June to late September.

Climate Summary

coolwarmhotwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec100%100%67%67%clearprecipitation: 0.4 inprecipitation: 0.4 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 9.2beach/pool score: 9.20.10.1
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 26 to September 30, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is August 9, with an average high of 93°F and low of 67°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 1 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 63°F. The coldest day of the year is January 21, with an average low of 36°F and high of 55°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Ma'AnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery coldvery coldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clarkdale, Arizona, United States (7,494 miles away); Cordova, Alabama, United States (6,670 miles); and North Hartsville, South Carolina, United States (6,333 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Ma'An (view comparison).

Clouds

At Ma'An, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Ma'An begins around May 23 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around October 22. On September 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 22 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 23. On December 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Ma'AnclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 1100%Sep 1100%Dec 1967%Dec 1967%May 2383%May 2383%Oct 2284%Oct 2284%clearovercastmostly clearmostly cloudypartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Ma'An does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from -0% to 9%, with an average value of 3%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 8% on February 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Ma'AnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 29%Feb 29%Jun 150%Jun 150%Jan 16%Jan 16%Mar 134%Mar 134%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ma'An experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Ma'An. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The least rain falls around June 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Ma'AnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inJan 250.4 inJan 250.4 inJun 290.0 inJun 290.0 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Ma'An varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 10 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on March 29, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 6:45 AM on October 25. The earliest sunset is at 4:36 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 6 minutes later at 7:42 PM on July 1.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Ma'An during 2018, starting in the spring on March 30, lasting 6.9 months, and ending in the fall on October 26.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Ma'AnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMMar 295:30 AMMar 295:30 AM7:42 PMJul 17:42 PMJul 1Dec 24:36 PMDec 24:36 PM6:45 AMOct 256:45 AMOct 25Mar 30DSTMar 30DSTDSTOct 26DSTOct 26daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Ma'An, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Ma'AnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 260%Dec 260%Aug 191%Aug 191%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Ma'An experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from December 30 to August 18, with average wind speeds of more than 8.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.4 months, from August 18 to December 30. The calmest day of the year is October 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Ma'An varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 5.8 months, from May 13 to November 7, with a peak percentage of 67% on September 4. The wind is most often from the east for 2.4 weeks, from November 7 to November 24, with a peak percentage of 32% on November 17. The wind is most often from the west for 5.6 months, from November 24 to May 13, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Ma'AnWNEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnortheastsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Ma'An throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ma'An for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to late June and from early September to late October, with a peak score in the first week of October.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Ma'Anbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.68.61.81.88.28.27.17.1 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ma'An for hot-weather activities is from early June to late September, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Ma'Anbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468109.29.20.10.1 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Ma'An typically lasts for 10 months (307 days), from around February 17 to around December 20, rarely starting after March 26, or ending before November 21.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Ma'Angrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Feb 1750%Feb 1750%Dec 2050%Dec 2090%Mar 2690%Mar 2690%Nov 2190%Nov 2114%Jan 1514%Jan 15Aug 1100%Aug 1100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Ma'An should appear around February 15, only rarely appearing before January 30 or after March 8.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Ma'AnJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°FFeb 1586°FFeb 1586°FMay 9900°FMay 9900°FDec 315,483°FDec 315,483°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 6 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 8.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 7 to February 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 3.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Ma'AnbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 238.9 kWhJun 238.9 kWhDec 243.6 kWhDec 243.6 kWhMay 67.8 kWhMay 67.8 kWhAug 257.8 kWhAug 257.8 kWhFeb 74.6 kWhFeb 74.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ma'An are 30.167 deg latitude, 35.783 deg longitude, and 3,451 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ma'An contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 259 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,447 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,237 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,266 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ma'An is covered by bare soil (100%), within 10 miles by bare soil (99%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (97%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Ma'An, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Ma'An has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Ovda Airport, King Hussein International Airport, Eilat Airport, Beer-Sheva, Queen Alia International Airport, Jerusalem, and Jerusalem Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.