Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Dodoma Airport Tanzania
At Dodoma Airport, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is windy and mostly clear, and it is warm year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 58°F to 87°F and is rarely below 55°F or above 92°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Dodoma Airport for hot-weather activities is from late August to early December.
Climate at Dodoma Airport
Average Temperature at Dodoma Airport
The hot season lasts for 2.5 months, from October 9 to December 24, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is November 14, with an average high of 87°F and low of 66°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.4 months, from June 8 to August 20, with an average daily high temperature below 80°F. The coldest day of the year is July 16, with an average low of 58°F and high of 78°F.
Average High and Low Temperature at Dodoma Airport
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature at Dodoma Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Dodoma Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Dodoma Airport begins around May 3 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around November 24. On August 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 24 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around May 3. On January 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 80% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 20% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories at Dodoma Airport
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Dodoma Airport varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.6 months, from December 2 to April 22, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on January 1.
The drier season lasts 7.4 months, from April 22 to December 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 20.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 43% on January 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation at Dodoma Airport
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Dodoma Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from November 3 to May 4, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 4.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from May 4 to November 3. The least rain falls around August 4, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall at Dodoma Airport
The length of the day at Dodoma Airport does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 29 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2021, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 12 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Dodoma Airport
The earliest sunrise is at 6:09 AM on November 12, and the latest sunrise is 39 minutes later at 6:49 AM on July 17. The earliest sunset is at 6:27 PM on May 23, and the latest sunset is 34 minutes later at 7:01 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Dodoma Airport during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Dodoma Airport
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Dodoma Airport
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Dodoma Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from November 28 to April 26, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 8% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is March 13, with muggy conditions 33% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is August 4, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels at Dodoma Airport
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Dodoma Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from May 4 to December 7, with average wind speeds of more than 10.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from December 7 to May 4. The calmest day of the year is February 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed at Dodoma Airport
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Dodoma Airport is from the east throughout the year.
Wind Direction at Dodoma Airport
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Dodoma Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Dodoma Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
Tourism Score at Dodoma Airport
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Dodoma Airport for hot-weather activities is from late August to early December, with a peak score in the third week of September.
Beach/Pool Score at Dodoma Airport
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures at Dodoma Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Dodoma Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days at Dodoma Airport
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from September 6 to November 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is October 15, with an average of 7.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from December 22 to March 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 6.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is January 5, with an average of 6.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Dodoma Airport
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dodoma Airport are -6.169 deg latitude, 35.749 deg longitude, and 3,678 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Dodoma Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 417 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,700 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,506 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,423 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Dodoma Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (77%), cropland (12%), and shrubs (10%), within 10 miles by shrubs (42%) and cropland (38%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (43%) and cropland (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Dodoma Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Dodoma Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.