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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station Turkey

At Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station, the summers are warm, humid, and clear and the winters are long, very cold, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 86°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 92°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August.

Climate at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow96%96%35%35%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.7 inprecipitation: 2.7 in0.9 in0.9 inmuggy: 54%muggy: 54%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.1beach/pool score: 8.10.00.0
Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The hot season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 7 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is August, with an average high of 85°F and low of 62°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 28 to March 19, with an average daily high temperature below 57°F. The coldest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is January, with an average low of 35°F and high of 50°F.

Average High and Low Temperature at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average High and Low Temperature at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationhotcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 2450°FJan 2450°FJul 3086°FJul 3086°F34°F34°F64°F64°FJun 779°FJun 779°FSep 1679°FSep 1679°FNov 2857°FNov 2857°FMar 1957°FMar 1957°F56°F56°F56°F56°F40°F40°F38°F38°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High 50°F52°F57°F65°F73°F81°F85°F85°F79°F70°F61°F53°F
Temp. 42°F43°F47°F54°F62°F69°F74°F74°F67°F60°F51°F45°F
Low 35°F35°F38°F43°F51°F58°F62°F62°F56°F50°F43°F37°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average Hourly Temperature at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Forest Meadows, California, United States (6,683 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station (view comparison).

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At Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station begins around May 26 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around September 30.

The clearest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 95% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 30 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around May 26.

The cloudiest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Cloud Cover Categories at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2696%Jul 2696%Dec 2435%Dec 2435%May 2665%May 2665%Sep 3066%Sep 3066%NowNowclearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier 61%62%58%52%39%20%5%7%23%48%58%64%
Clearer 39%38%42%48%61%80%95%93%77%52%42%36%

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.4 months, from October 2 to June 14, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is December, with an average of 9.1 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

The drier season lasts 3.6 months, from June 14 to October 2. The month with the fewest wet days at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is July, with an average of 3.5 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is December, with an average of 8.4 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 29% on December 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Dec 2131%Dec 2131%Aug 19%Aug 19%Oct 220%Oct 220%Jun 1420%Jun 1420%NowNowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain 7.0d6.0d6.7d6.7d6.1d5.7d3.5d3.6d4.7d7.3d8.1d8.4d
Mixed 1.0d0.9d0.4d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.5d
Snow 0.3d0.2d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d
Any 8.3d7.1d7.1d6.8d6.1d5.7d3.5d3.6d4.7d7.3d8.1d9.1d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station. The month with the most rain at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is December, with an average rainfall of 2.6 inches.

The month with the least rain at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is July, with an average rainfall of 1.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average Monthly Rainfall at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 inDec 102.6 inDec 102.6 inAug 30.9 inAug 30.9 inOct 262.5 inOct 262.5 inMar 271.7 inMar 271.7 inJun 41.5 inJun 41.5 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall 2.0″1.7″1.7″1.6″1.4″1.4″1.0″1.0″1.4″2.4″2.5″2.6″

Snowfall

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station experiences some seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from December 18 to March 3, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is February, with an average snowfall of 1.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from March 3 to December 18. The least snow falls around August 8, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Snowfall at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average Monthly Snowfall at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 in7 in7 inJan 61.6 inJan 61.6 inAug 80.0 inAug 80.0 inFeb 161.6 inFeb 161.6 inDec 181.0 inDec 181.0 inNowNow
The average snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Snowfall 1.5″1.6″0.4″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.9″

The length of the day at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2024, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 15 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2015 hr, 6 minJun 2015 hr, 6 minJun 2012 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 15 minDec 219 hr, 15 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight 9.6h10.7h12.0h13.3h14.5h15.0h14.7h13.7h12.4h11.1h9.9h9.3h

The earliest sunrise is at 5:27 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 56 minutes later at 8:23 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:32 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 3 minutes later at 8:35 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station during 2024.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 145:27 AMJun 145:27 AM8:35 PMJun 278:35 PMJun 27Dec 85:32 PMDec 85:32 PM8:23 AMJan 48:23 AMJan 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2024. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Solar Elevation and Azimuth at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AM000010101010202020203030303040404050506060700000101010102020202030303040405050602673NowNow
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth over the course of the year 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 6 to September 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 13% of the time. The month with the most muggy days at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is August, with 14.2 days that are muggy or worse.

The least muggy day of the year is February 16, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Humidity Comfort Levels at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Feb 160%Feb 160%Aug 454%Aug 454%Jun 613%Jun 613%Sep 1613%Sep 1613%NowNowoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumiddrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d1.1d6.5d14.0d14.2d4.7d0.9d0.0d0.0d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from December 9 to March 30, with average wind speeds of more than 6.7 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is February, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.3 months, from March 30 to December 9. The calmest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is May, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average Wind Speed at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mphFeb 137.5 mphFeb 137.5 mphMay 305.8 mphMay 305.8 mphDec 96.7 mphDec 96.7 mphMar 306.7 mphMar 306.7 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph) 7.07.47.16.35.96.27.17.36.56.36.46.7

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 9.3 months, from February 1 to November 10, with a peak percentage of 72% on July 27. The wind is most often from the south for 2.7 months, from November 10 to February 1, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.

Wind Direction at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Wind Direction at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationSNSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.4 months, from June 18 to September 29, with an average temperature above 70°F. The month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 76°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from December 19 to April 18, with an average temperature below 51°F. The month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 45°F.

Average Water Temperature at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average Water Temperature at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°FAug 1076°FAug 1076°F45°FFeb 1945°FFeb 19Jun 1870°FJun 1870°FSep 2970°FSep 2970°FDec 1951°FDec 1951°FApr 1851°FApr 1851°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
WaterJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temperature 47°F45°F46°F50°F60°F69°F75°F76°F72°F66°F58°F52°F

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.

Tourism Score at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Tourism Score at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Stationbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.87.80.80.87.77.7NowNowtemperaturetemperature cloudscloudsprecipitationprecipitationtourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station for hot-weather activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Beach/Pool Score at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Stationbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.18.10.00.0NowNowtemperaturetemperature cloudscloudsprecipitationprecipitationbeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station typically lasts for 7.9 months (243 days), from around March 28 to around November 26, rarely starting before March 2 or after April 21, and rarely ending before October 31 or after December 24.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Stationgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2850%Mar 2850%Nov 2650%Nov 2690%Apr 2190%Apr 2190%Oct 3190%Oct 3110%Mar 210%Mar 210%Dec 2410%Dec 241%Jan 161%Jan 16Jul 18100%Jul 18100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station should appear around March 2, only rarely appearing before February 9 or after April 3.

Growing Degree Days at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Growing Degree Days at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°FMar 286°FMar 286°FJun 9900°FJun 9900°FJul 211,800°FJul 211,800°FDec 313,816°FDec 313,816°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 15 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is July, with an average of 7.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 27 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest month of the year at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is December, with an average of 1.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Cengiz Topel Naval Air StationbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJul 57.8 kWhJul 57.8 kWhDec 221.5 kWhDec 221.5 kWhMay 156.5 kWhMay 156.5 kWhAug 216.5 kWhAug 216.5 kWhOct 272.8 kWhOct 272.8 kWhFeb 172.8 kWhFeb 172.8 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh) 1.92.74.05.36.57.47.76.85.23.42.21.6

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station are 40.735 deg latitude, 30.083 deg longitude, and 171 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 203 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 150 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (5,272 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,079 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station is covered by cropland (43%), artificial surfaces (30%), and trees (27%), within 10 miles by trees (49%) and cropland (33%), and within 50 miles by trees (44%) and cropland (30%).

This report illustrates the typical weather at Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, Eskişehir Anadolu Airport, Eskişehir Airport, Bursa, Istanbul Atatürk Airport, and Caycuma.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Please review our full terms contained on our Terms of Service page.